Event: San Remo Conference

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The San Remo Conference, attended by representatives of the Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan), adopts resolutions that practically incorporate the Sykes-Picot Agreement. The conference grants France "mandate" over Syria (covering what will become Syria and Lebanon), and Britain is granted “mandate” over Palestine and Mesopotamia (covering what will become Palestine, Transjordan, and Iraq). When recalling Article 22 of the League of Nations Covenant, the conference refers only to Syria and Mesopotamia with regard to their being "provisionally recognized as independent States." For Palestine, the conference reserves a specific provision that the Mandatory power will be responsible for implementing the Balfour Declaration. The conference does not recall (neither for Syria, Mesopotamia, or Palestine) the provision of Article 22, concerning the need to take into account the wishes of the ex-Ottoman communities in selecting the Mandatory.

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French Occupy Damascus
24 July 1920
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Signing of the Sykes-Picot Agreement
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