Overall Chronology

Overall Chronology

Period
XI. The Aqsa Intifada and the End of an Era in Palestinian Politics
28 September 2000 to 25 January 2006

The Separation Wall

2003
Source: 
Joss Dray

Between 2000 and 2006, the Oslo process virtually collapsed. Palestinian-Israeli final status talks stalled, the second intifada erupted, and violent confrontations ensued, including the reinvasion by Israel of the territories under the control of the Palestinian Authority (PA). The new US administration under President George W. Bush conditioned its efforts toward a peace settlement on the cessation of violence, for which it held the Palestinians responsible, and at the same time it supported Israel’s positions on final status issues. Other significant events during this period include the death of long-time leader Yasir Arafat in November 2004, the election of Mahmud Abbas as his successor in January 2005, and the parliamentary electoral victory of the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas, one year later. This signaled the end of an era in Palestinian politics that had lasted 35 years and the redrawing of the Oslo process in favor of increased Israeli unilateralism in the occupied territories.   

Two months after the collapse of the US-Israeli-Palestinian peace summit at Camp David, Israeli politician Ariel Sharon made a high-profile visit to Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem on 28 September 2000. This visit by a Likud Party leader was widely viewed as provocative, made even worse  because Sharon was reviled for his role in the 1982 Lebanon War and the Sabra and Shatila massacre and was accompanied by hundreds of Israeli security forces. The visit triggered Palestinian popular demonstrations and clashes with Israeli security forces all over the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and in Palestinian towns in Israel. Israeli forces responded heavy-handedly and within a week, 70 Palestinians and 4 Israelis were killed.

The Palestinian uprising (known as al-Aqsa intifada), though triggered by Sharon’s provocation, appeared driven by several factors: the failure of final status negotiations; nonfulfillment by Israel of the Oslo interim requirements, such as the redeployment from most of the West Bank; expansion of the settlements; and, conversely, the success of Hizballah’s resistance in South Lebanon, which led to Israel’s withdrawal from Lebanon in May 2000.

During the last quarter of 2000, outgoing US president Bill Clinton tried to cool the situation down, mainly through setting a fact-finding committee on the Palestinian-Israeli confrontation (the “Mitchell Committee”). At the same time, he made a last attempt to continue the peace talks, presenting to both sides a bridging proposal (the “Clinton Parameters”) in late December. On 21 January 2001, Palestinian and Israeli negotiators started an intensive negotiation round in Taba, Egypt, and came the closest they had come to bridging the gaps between them, but ended their talks on 27 January, 10 days before the prime ministerial elections in Israel. A victorious Sharon replaced Ehud Barak as Israel’s prime minister and immediately he and President Bush put an effective end to the peace talks and set the stage for Israeli military escalation and diplomatic campaign against Arafat.

The intifada had already shifted in late November 2000 from mass demonstrations to shooting attacks by Palestinian activists (mainly by Fatah in the first stage) as a response to Israel’s harsh repression, and levels of violence varied during the following months. Israeli actions took the form of shelling PA administrative offices and security compounds, conducting incursions in areas under PA’s jurisdiction, closing off these areas, imposing curfews, carrying out targeted assassinations of militants, leveling houses, uprooting agricultural lands, and erecting hundreds of checkpoints to hinder Palestinians’ movement. Palestinian militants resorted to detonating road-side bombs, firing at Israeli soldiers and settlers, launching mortar attacks (mainly against Israeli military positions and settlements in and around the Gaza Strip), and, starting late May 2001, carrying out suicide bombings (principally by Hamas, followed by Fatah and Islamic Jihad).

The most serious (albeit short-lived) US attempt to distance itself from Israeli positions occurred immediately after the 9-11 attacks in the US. Seeking Islamic-Arab support against al-Qa‘ida in Afghanistan, President Bush appealed to Sharon several times between mid-September and mid-October 2001 for Israeli de-escalation and endorsed on 2 October, for the first time since taking office, the creation of a Palestinian state. However, on 17 October of, Israeli minister of tourism Rehavam Ze’evi was assassinated by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, in retaliation for the assassination (on 27 August) of Abu Ali Mustafa, the movement’s secretary-general, and the act gave Sharon the opportunity to reverse the trend toward re-legitimizing Arafat and to conduct destructive campaigns any time he would choose in the following years under the motto of fighting “Palestinian terrorism.”

Two days after a 27 March 2002 Hamas suicide bombing at a hotel in Netanya that killed dozens of Israeli civilians, Israel launched a massive invasion of most West Bank towns, villages, and refugee camps. Ground forces besieged Arafat’s headquarters in Ramallah, inflicted heavy damage on the Old City of Nablus, destroyed much of the Jenin refugee camp after a fierce battle in early April 2002, and ransacked PA offices. It withdrew from the Palestinian towns in early May but continued to maintain a presence around them and to carry out incursions. At the same time, the Israeli cabinet approved the building of a permanent barrier to separate Israel and a number of settlements from Palestinian communities. Depending on the location of the settlements and the nature of the terrain, the barrier was planned to run on certain sections along the 1949 Armistice Line, and on others to veer deep into the West Bank, effectively annexing large areas into Israel. (In July 2004, an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice determined that the barrier violated international law.)

At the same time, the US administration, urged by its international partners and responding to the Arab Peace Initiative (proclaimed in Beirut in March 2002) acquiesced to the formation of what will be known as the Middle East Quartet (the US, Russia, the European Union, and the UN) and to revive the prospect of a diplomatic resolution. But it did this on its own terms. On 24 June 2002, Bush stated that the prerequisite for establishing an independent Palestinian state was “a new and different Palestinian leadership” with new institutions and new security arrangements. His speech, which was delivered after the United States stopped dealing with Arafat, constituted the basis of a Quartet plan called the “Performance-Based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict” that was officially presented to the two sides at the end of April 2003 after much delay and foot-dragging. Sharon ambiguously accepted the road map and listed fourteen “reservations” that rendered it effectively meaningless.

Meanwhile, the Palestinian leadership, under pressure from the Quartet and also from the Fatah cadres, started the process of reform. In particular, Arafat was forced in February 2003 to agree to the creation of the position of PA prime minister, after Quartet representatives threatened that if the PA failed to do so before the expected US invasion of Iraq, the United States would give Israel a green light to oust the Palestinian leader. The Palestinian Legislative Council, with the PLO Central Council approval, amended the Basic Law in March, opening the way for the formation of a new cabinet under Mahmud Abbas as Prime Minister in April 2003. Frustrated with his inability to govern and, in particular, to control the PA security forces, Abbas resigned in September 2003. The following month, he was replaced as prime minister by Ahmad Qurai‘.  

Unwilling to implement the road map, Sharon started toward the end of 2003 to work on an alternative plan (disengagement from Gaza) that could appeal to the international community as an indication of progress while advancing Israeli strategic interests. In April 2004, in exchange for an Israeli unilateral disengagement from Gaza (withdrawal of Israeli forces and settlers from inside the Strip) and evacuation of four settlements north of the West Bank, President Bush officially assured Israel that he would foster a new Palestinian leadership; commit to Israel as a Jewish state; rule out the return of 1948 Palestinian refugees to their original homes in Israel (while holding out the possibility of settling them in a future Palestinian state); and reject any call for a return to the armistice lines of 1949 in light of “existing major Israeli population centers” in the West Bank. The disengagement (carried out in August–September 2005), combined with the construction of the separation barrier in the West Bank, marked an important step in Israel’s strategy to separate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and to consolidate its control over the West Bank.

As for the situation on the ground between 2003 and 2005, Palestinian resistance continued in the West Bank, though weakened, and increased in the Gaza Strip. Responding to Egyptian mediation efforts, Palestinian organizations affirmed on several occasions their readiness for conditional cease-fires with Israel. However, Israel strengthened its hold on the West Bank through its sustained military operations and progressively shifted its escalatory steps to the Gaza Strip. It assassinated Hamas’s spiritual leader, Ahmad Yasin, in March 2004, and the group’s political leader, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Rantisi, four weeks later. Arafat, who had been confined in his reduced compound for more than two years, fell victim to a mysterious illness in October 2004: he was evacuated from Ramallah and died in Paris on 11 November. Abbas thereupon became the fourth head of the PLO and was elected PA president on 9 January 2005.

With the passing of the charismatic leader of the Palestinian national movement, Palestinian society was exhausted from the violence of the second intifada, its brutal suppression by Israel, and the absence of any hope for a negotiated settlement. Under rules of the game now unilaterally defined by Israel (in the West Bank, at least), Abbas attempted, with some success, to obtain the organizations’ agreement to a truce with Israel and to reconstruct the PA institutions through appealing to international donors’ assistance and resorting to popular polls. Four rounds of municipal elections that were held between December 2004 and December 2005 showed a steady rise of support for Hamas among Palestinian constituents. The decision of Hamas to participate in legislative elections scheduled for January 2006, its conducting a coherent campaign in contrast with Fatah disarray, and finally its victory signaled the opening of a new page in Palestinian politics.

MF

 

Selected Bibliography

Aronson, Geoffrey. “Issues Arising from the Implementation of Israel’s Disengagement from the Gaza Strip.Journal of Palestine Studies 34, no.4 (Summer 2005): 49–63.

Enderlin, Charles. Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1992–2002. New York: Other Press, 2003.

Li, Darryl. “The Gaza Strip as Laboratory: Notes in the Wake of Disengagement.” Journal of Palestine Studies 35, no.2 (Winter 2006): 38–55.

Pressman, Jeremy. “The Second Intifada: Background and Causes of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.” Journal of Conflict Studies 22, no.2 (Fall 2003): 114–41.

Roy, Sara. “Praying with Their Eyes Closed: Reflections on the Disengagement from Gaza.Journal of Palestine Studies 34, no.4 (Summer 2005): 64–74.

Swisher, Clayton. The Truth about Camp David: The Untold Story about Arafat, Barak, Clinton, and the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process. New York: Thunders’ Mouth Nation Books, 2004.

Usher, Graham. “Facing Defeat: The Intifada Two Years On.Journal of Palestine Studies 32, no.2 (Winter 2003): 21–40.

Usher, Graham. “The Palestinians after Arafat.Journal of Palestine Studies 34, no.3 (Spring 2005): 42–66.

Overall Chronology
E.g., 2020/09/27
E.g., 2020/09/27
Event Date Subject
Ariel Sharon at al-Haram al-Sharif 28 September 2000
Start of the Second Intifada 29 September 2000 - 4 October 2000
Arab and International Support of Palestinian Uprising 30 September 2000 - 7 October 2000
US Attempts at Easing Tension, but Confrontation Spikes 4 October 2000 - 12 October 2000
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1322 7 October 2000
Sharm al-Shaykh Summit 16 October 2000 - 18 October 2000
Israeli Retaliatory Strategy and First Signs of a "Militarized" Intifada 19 October 2000 - 7 November 2000
General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/7 20 October 2000
The Mitchell Committee of Fact-Finding on the Palestinian-Israeli Confrontation 7 November 2000 - 30 December 2000
Toward a Protracted Confrontation 9 November 2000 - 22 December 2000
Israeli Prime Minister Barak Resigns 9 December 2000
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2000/1171 18 December 2000
Resumption of Peace Talks; the Clinton "Proposals" 19 December 2000 - 23 December 2000
Palestinian-Israeli Clashes Abate 23 December 2000 - 6 February 2001
Israeli Idea of Security Fence (Separation Wall) Begins to Take Shape 26 December 2000 - 3 January 2001
Israeli and Palestinian Response to the Clinton Proposals 28 December 2000 - 3 January 2001
The Taba Talks 21 January 2001 - 27 January 2001
Ariel Sharon Is Elected Prime Minister of Israel; Intifada Casualties Under Ehud Barak 6 February 2001
Israel and the US Put Effective End to Peace Talks 7 February 2001 - 8 February 2001
Intense then Moderate Resurgence of Palestinian-Israeli Clashes 8 February 2001 - 7 March 2001
Operation Bronze and Escalation 7 March 2001 - 16 May 2001
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2001/270 27 March 2001
Jordanian-Egyptian Proposal for a Cease-Fire and a Resumption of Talks 16 April 2001 - 27 April 2001
The Mitchell Report Is Issued 30 April 2001 - 15 May 2001
New Threshold Crossed with Suicide Bombing and Warplanes 18 May 2001 - 4 June 2001
Death of Faisal Husseini 31 May 2001
The Tenet Cease-Fire Plan 11 June 2001 - 20 June 2001
Israel's "Efforts" to Provoke Escalation 4 July 2001 - 14 August 2001
Israel Closes Orient House and Other Jerusalem Institutions 10 August 2001
Amid Escalation, Abu Ali Mustafa, PFLP Secretary-General, Is Assassinated 20 August 2001 - 10 September 2001
UN World Conference Against Racism in Durban 31 August 2001 - 8 September 2001
The 9-11 Attacks on the US 11 September 2001
US and Palestinian Efforts to Stop Israeli Escalation 12 September 2001 - 16 October 2001
Losses During the 1st Year of the Second Intifada 28 September 2001
President Bush Publicly Endorses the Creation of a Palestinian State 2 October 2001 - 15 October 2001
Assassination of Rehavam Ze'evi and its Immediate Aftermath 17 October 2001 - 25 October 2001
Timid Diplomatic Efforts 2 November 2001 - 19 November 2001
With the Assassination of Abu Hanud, Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation Reaches a New Level 20 November 2001 - 15 December 2001
Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention 5 December 2001
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2001/1199 14 December 2001
Another Timid Return to Diplomacy: a Peres-Qurai' Draft? 16 December 2001 - 27 December 2001
Karine A Arms Ship Is Captured and Arafat Is Isolated 3 January 2002 - 11 February 2002
Grave Escalation from Both Sides 9 January 2002 - 21 February 2002
An Uneven Race Between Diplomacy and Violence: Operation Colorful Journey 17 February 2002 - 26 March 2002
The Knesset Passes the Incarceration of Unlawful Combatants Law 4 March 2002
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1397 12 March 2002
14th Arab Summit Meets in Beirut and Adopts Saudi Peace Initiative 27 March 2002 - 28 March 2002
Massive Israeli Invasion: Operation Defensive Shield 28 March 2002 - 10 May 2002
Invasion of Ramallah: The Siege of Arafat's Compound 29 March 2002 - 1 May 2002
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1402 30 March 2002
Invasion of Bethlehem: The Siege of the Church of the Nativity 1 April 2002 - 10 May 2002
Invasion of Jenin Camp: Fierce Battle 3 April 2002 - 19 April 2002
Invasion of Nablus: Fierce Resistance 3 April 2002 - 21 April 2002
US Response to the Israeli Invasion 4 April 2002 - 17 April 2002
Birth of the Middle East "Quartet" 10 April 2002
Israel Decides to Create Buffer Zones (Separation Wall) 14 April 2002 - 25 April 2002
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1405 19 April 2002
Security on the Aftermath of Operation Defensive Shield 7 May 2002 - 5 June 2002
Israeli and International Pressures for a PA Reform 7 May 2002 - 5 June 2002
Amendment No. 35 of Basic Law: The Knesset to Further Facilitate Disqualification of Arab Candidates to Elections 15 May 2002
On the Road to Reform: First Palestinian Steps and Plans 15 May 2002 - 24 June 2002
Triggered by a Suicide Bombing, Israel Raids West Bank Towns and Shells Arafat's Headquarters 5 June 2002 - 17 June 2002
34th Zionist Congress Is Held in Jerusalem 17 June 2002 - 20 June 2002
Triggered by a Suicide Bombing, Israel Carries Out Operation Determined Path 18 June 2002 - 16 July 2002
George W. Bush's Major Speech on US Policy for the Middle East 24 June 2002
The Knesset Adopts the “Criminal Procedure Law (Interrogating Suspects)" 26 June 2002 - 12 December 2016
Amendment No. 29 of Knesset Members (Immunity, Rights and Duties) Law 22 July 2002
Assassination of Salah Shihadeh and its Immediate Aftermath 22 July 2002 - 14 August 2002
Toward a "Road Map" to Final Status? 13 August 2002 - 5 November 2002
Israeli Army Refocuses on Gaza Strip 19 August 2002 - 7 October 2002
Israeli Operation Matter of Time; Siege on Arafat Tightened; Protests All Over Occupied Territories 18 September 2002 - 29 September 2002
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1435 24 September 2002
Losses on the Two-Year Anniversary of the Second Intifada 28 September 2002
Israel Unable to Quell Palestinian Attacks 10 October 2002 - 5 January 2003
Israeli Leaders Push for an American War Against Iraq 16 October 2002 - 9 February 2003
Israel Closes all West Bank District Coordination Offices 3 December 2002 - 11 January 2003
Deepest Israeli Incursion in the Gaza Strip 24 January 2003 - 27 January 2003
The Likud Wins the Elections for the Knesset 28 January 2003
Arafat Accepts the Creation of a Prime Minister Position 9 February 2003 - 6 March 2003
Military Confrontation Escalates Again in Gaza 15 February 2003 - 8 March 2003
PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Ramallah 8 March 2003 - 9 March 2003
The PLC Discusses and Approves Amendments to the Basic Law Creating the Post of Prime Minister 10 March 2003 - 18 March 2003
The US War Against Iraq; Security Developments in the West Bank and Gaza 17 March 2003 - 9 April 2003
Mahmoud Abbas Forms the Palestinian Government 19 March 2003 - 29 April 2003
US formally Presents Israel and the PA with the Road Map 30 April 2003
Heightened Violence Despite Diplomacy 1 May 2003 - 29 June 2003
The PLO Approves the Road Map 3 May 2003 - 11 May 2003
With US Blessing, Ambivalent Israeli Acceptance of the "Steps Set out in the Road Map" 4 May 2003 - 25 May 2003
Abbas and Sharon Meet in Jerusalem 17 May 2003 - 29 May 2003
Aqaba Summit: Bush, Abdullah, Abbas, and Sharon Meet 4 June 2003
Unilateral Cease-Fire Announcement and Gaza First Arrangements 21 June 2003 - 2 July 2003
The Cease-Fire: Toward Failure 1 July 2003 - 12 August 2003
The Knesset Enacts the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law (Temporary Order) 2003 for Banning Family Unification 31 July 2003
The Cease-Fire Is Over 19 August 2003 - 25 August 2003
Ahmad Yasin and Yasir Arafat in the Line of Fire 4 September 2003 - 30 September 2003
Mahmoud Abbas Resigns as Prime Minister 6 September 2003
Ahmad Qurai' Is Appointed PM: A Nine-Week Ministerial Crisis 7 September 2003 - 12 November 2003
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2003/891 16 September 2003
General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/12 19 September 2003
Losses on the Three-Year Anniversary of the Second Intifada 28 September 2003
Israel Adopts Plan for Second Phase of Separation Wall 1 October 2003
Extending Retaliation to Syrian Territory; Operation Root Canal in Rafah 4 October 2003 - 30 October 2003
The Geneva "Private" Initiative 12 October 2003 - 1 December 2003
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2003/980 14 October 2003
General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/13 21 October 2003
Violence Abates to a Moderate Level 1 November 2003 - 17 December 2003
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1515 19 November 2003
Palestinian Peace Gestures 1 December 2003 - 7 January 2004
General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/14 8 December 2003
Sharon's Speech on Unilateral Disengagement Plan 18 December 2003
Timing New Israeli Escalation with Sharon's Speech on Disengagement Plan 18 December 2003 - 31 January 2004
Sharon's Interview on Gaza-Centered Disengagement Plan 12 January 2004 - 2 February 2004
Timing Another Israeli Escalation with Sharon's Interview on Gaza-Centered Disengagement Plan 2 February 2004 - 13 March 2004
Israel Launches Operation Continuous Story; Assassination of Ahmad Yasin 14 March 2004 - 5 April 2004
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2004/240 25 March 2004
Sharon's Letter to Bush on Disengagement Plan 14 April 2004
Bush's Letter to Sharon on the Disengagement Plan 14 April 2004
Timing Another Israeli Escalation with Sharon's Plan; Assassination of Abd al-Aziz Rantisi 15 April 2004 - 29 April 2004
Reactions to Bush's Assurances to Sharon RE Disengagement Plan 15 April 2004 - 6 May 2004
In Spite of Israeli Raids, Palestinian Military Resistance Remains High in Gaza 2 May 2004 - 13 May 2004
General Assembly Resolution A/Res/58/292 6 May 2004
Widening Philadelphi (Salahuddin) Route: Operation Rainbow 16 May 2004 - 24 May 2004
Security Council Resolution S/RES/1544 19 May 2004
An Egyptian Security Plan for the PA 24 May 2004 - 6 July 2004
Life Sentence Against Marwan Barghouti 6 June 2004
Israeli Cabinet Ambiguously Endorses Sharon's Disengagement Plan 6 June 2004
Annual Zionist General Council (WZO) Meets in Jerusalem 18 June 2004
Operation Full Court Press in Nablus 23 June 2004 - 19 August 2004
Operation Active Shield in Gaza; Assassination of Militants in Gaza and West Bank 27 June 2004 - 5 August 2004
The Palestinian Leadership Faces an Internal Crisis and Risks Loss of Control 7 July 2004 - 27 July 2004
The ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Separation Wall 9 July 2004
General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/15 20 July 2004
Settlement Activity in Spite of Road Map 2 August 2004 - 23 August 2004
Israeli-Palestinian Military Confrontation as Routine 18 August 2004 - 27 September 2004
Losses on the Four-Year Anniversary of the Second Intifada 28 September 2004
Operation Days of Penitence 29 September 2004 - 15 October 2004
Draft Security Council Resolution S/2004/783 5 October 2004
Arafat's Sudden Illness and Death 12 October 2004 - 12 November 2004
Smooth and Constitutional Transition in PLO and PA Leadership 11 November 2004 - 1 December 2004
Israeli Attacks Resume: Operations Orange Iron, Violet Iron 17 November 2004 - 28 December 2004
Palestinian Presidential Elections: Mahmoud Abbas Is Elected 1 December 2004 - 15 January 2005
First Round of Municipal Elections 23 December 2004 - 27 January 2005
The Knesset Enacts the Prevention of Funding of Terrorism Law, 2005 29 December 2004
Israel Launches Operation Eastern Step 8 January 2005 - 17 January 2005
Palestinian Efforts to Stop Anti-Israeli Attacks: An Informal One-Month Truce 17 January 2005 - 26 January 2005
Abbas-Sharon Summit in Sharm al-Shaykh 8 February 2005
Resumption of Israeli-Palestinian Security Coordination 15 February 2005 - 30 April 2005
New Palestinian Cabinet under Ahmad Qurai' 24 February 2005
London Meeting on Supporting the Palestinian Authority 1 March 2005
US Day-to-Day Involvement in Palestinian-Related Security Matters and in the Disengagement Plan 10 March 2005 - 30 June 2005
Palestinian Dialogue Conference Held in Cairo 15 March 2005 - 17 March 2005
Major Construction Plan in Ma'ale Adumim 21 March 2005 - 6 April 2005
James Wolfensohn Appointed to Follow Economic-Related Disengagement Matters 14 April 2005 - 20 June 2005
Second Round of Municipal Elections 5 May 2005
Mahmoud Abbas's First Visit to White House as PA President 25 May 2005
Palestinian Truce Commitment at Risk 18 June 2005 - 21 July 2005
Disengagement: Evacuation of Settlers 8 August 2005 - 22 August 2005
Disengagement: Evacuation of Troops; The Case of Gaza-Egypt Border 15 August 2005 - 21 September 2005
Disengagement: The Case of Gaza-Egypt Crossing in Rafah 7 September 2005 - 17 September 2005
Disengagement: Celebrations in Gaza 12 September 2005 - 24 September 2005
Ongoing Israeli Raids: Operation First Rain 23 September 2005 - 2 October 2005
Losses on the Five-Year Anniversary of the Second Intifada 28 September 2005
Third Round of Municipal Elections 29 September 2005
Palestinian Legislative Elections: Parties and Factions Sign a Code of Conduct 17 October 2005
Israel Launches Operation Starting All Over Again 24 October 2005 - 30 October 2005
Post Disengagement: Agreement on Movement and Access 15 November 2005
Post Disengagement: Agreed Principles for Rafah Crossing 15 November 2005 - 23 November 2005
Palestinian Legislative Elections: Fatah's Confused Preparation 25 November 2005 - 28 December 2005
After Ongoing Israeli Military Activities, A Surge in Violence 27 November 2005 - 15 December 2005
Fourth Round of Municipal Elections 15 December 2005
Palestinian Legislative Elections: Registered Party Slates 18 December 2005
Operation Blue Skies and Continuing Escalation 22 December 2005 - 23 January 2006
After a Massive Stroke, Sharon Is Replaced by Ehud Olmert as Acting PM 4 January 2006
Palestinian Legislative Elections: At the Polls 25 January 2006