In response to Britain’s aims in Palestine, including its adoption of the Balfour declaration, Palestinians organized themselves, starting with the establishment of a nation-wide network of Muslim-Christian associations in 1918. The network quickly evolved in the holding, between 1919 and 1928, of seven congresses that were representative of the Palestinians and could be considered forerunners of the sessions of the Palestine National Council after 1964.
Delegates to the Third Palestinian National Congress, representing the main cities and districts of Palestine. From right to left, the banner in Arabic reads: "Palestine is the cradle of Jesus"; "Preserve al-Aqsa Mosque"; "Palestine is Arab." Third from the right in the last row is the future Palestinian leader Haj Amin al-Husseini a few months before he became mufti of Jerusalem.
14 December 1920
Institute for Palestine Studies, Photograph Collection