Overall Chronology

Overall Chronology

X. The Oslo Process And The Establishment Of The Palestinian Authority
E.g., 2019/09/17
E.g., 2019/09/17

The Oslo Process And The Establishment Of The Palestinian Authority

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

The Aqsa Intifada and the End of an Era in Palestinian Politics

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Legal

Knesset Repeals Law Banning Contact with the PLO
19 January 1993

Diplomatic

Norwegian Secret Channel, Exploratory Stage
20 January 1993 - 9 May 1993

Diplomatic

Palestinians Agree to Return to Washington Negotiations
20 April 1993

Diplomatic

9th Negotiation Round, Washington
27 April 1993 - 13 May 1993

Diplomatic Policy/program

Norwegian Secret Channel, Official Stage
20 May 1993 - 20 August 1993

Diplomatic

10th Negotiation Round, Washington
15 June 1993 - 1 July 1993

Diplomatic

Palestinian-Israeli Declaration of Principles Initialed and Approved
20 August 1993 - 30 August 1993

Popular action Policy/program

The Coalition of 10 Palestinian Organizations Reject the Palestinian-Israeli Accord, Damascus
2 September 1993

Diplomatic

Mutual Recognition Between Israel and the PLO
9 September 1993 - 10 September 1993

Legal Diplomatic

Palestinian-Israeli Declaration of Principles Signed in Washington
13 September 1993

Institutional

PLO Central Council Meeting is Held in Tunis
10 October 1993 - 12 October 1993

Diplomatic

Start of Gaza-Jericho Negotiations, Taba
13 October 1993 - 8 December 1993

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Start of Israel-PLO Economic Talks in Paris
November 1993

Diplomatic

Multilevel Gaza-Jericho Negotiations
12 December 1993 - 23 February 1994

Diplomatic

Fundamental Agreement between the Holy See and the State of Israel
30 December 1993

Violence

Hebron Massacre
25 February 1994 - 18 March 1994

Diplomatic Violence

Security Council Resolution S/RES/904
18 March 1994

Diplomatic

Talks on Security for Palestinians in Hebron
20 March 1994 - 30 March 1994

Diplomatic Legal

Final Chapter of Gaza-Jericho Negotiations
31 March 1994 - 1 May 1994

Violence

Wave of Hamas and Islamic Jihad Attacks
6 April 1994 - 30 April 1994

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

PLO-Israel Protocol on Economic Relations Is Signed in Paris
29 April 1994

Legal Diplomatic

Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area Is Signed in Cairo
4 May 1994

Legal

Palestinian Decree N° 1 Reinstating Pre-1967 Laws in West Bank and Gaza
20 May 1994

Institutional

Palestine National Authority (PNA) Holds First Official Meeting in Tunis
26 May 1994

Diplomatic

Status of Orient House in Jerusalem
29 May 1994 - 7 June 1994

Institutional

Arafat arrives in Gaza and Jericho
1 July 1994 - 5 July 1994

Legal Diplomatic

Early Empowerment Accord Is Signed
29 August 1994

Violence

Suicide Bombing in Tel Aviv
19 October 1994

Legal Diplomatic

Israeli-Jordanian Peace Treaty Signed near Aqaba
26 October 1994

Violence

Palestinian Police Shoot on Demonstrators in Gaza
18 November 1994 - 23 November 1994

Contextual

Rabin, Peres, and Arafat Are Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo
9 December 1994

Colonization

Settlement Activity Around Jerusalem
19 January 1995 - 1 February 1995

Violence

Islamic Jihad Suicide Bombing
22 January 1995 - 24 January 1995

Violence

Anti-Israeli Attacks and Inter-Palestinian Tension
2 April 1995 - 19 April 1995

Sanctions

Separation Fence
11 April 1995

Colonization

Land Expropriation in Jerusalem
27 April 1995 - 3 May 1995

Diplomatic Colonization

Draft Security Council Resolution S/1995/394
17 May 1995

Sanctions

Land Expropriation in Jerusalem Suspended
18 May 1995 - 22 May 1995

Sanctions

Israeli Restrictions on the Palestinian Authority in Jerusalem
17 August 1995 - 31 August 1995

Diplomatic

Further Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities
27 August 1995

Legal Diplomatic

Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (Oslo II)
28 September 1995

Violence

Assassination of Fathi Shiqaqi, Islamic Jihad Leader, in Malta
26 October 1995

Diplomatic

The Beilin - Abu Mazen Document
31 October 1995

Legal

Israeli Army Redeploys from Areas in the West Bank
November 1995 - December 1995

Violence

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Is Assassinated; Replaced by Shimon Peres
4 November 1995 - 22 November 1995

Violence

Assassination of Yahya Ayyash, a Hamas Leader
5 January 1996

Institutional

Palestinian Presidential and Legislative Elections
20 January 1996

Violence

Suicide Bombings in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem
25 February 1996 - 4 March 1996

Institutional

Inauguration of the Palestinian Legislative Council in Gaza
7 March 1996

Legal

Start of the Countdown for the Three-Phase Further Redeployment in the West Bank
7 March 1996

Legal Sanctions

Redeployment from Hebron Delayed
28 March 1996

Violence Diplomatic

Israel Launches Operation Grapes of Wrath Against Lebanon
11 April 1996 - 26 April 1996

Institutional Policy/program

21st Palestine National Council Is Held in Gaza
22 April 1996 - 24 April 1996

Diplomatic

Official Start of Permanent Status Negotiations, Taba
5 May 1996 - 7 May 1996

Biographical

Likud's Benjamin Netanyahu Is Elected Prime Minister
29 May 1996 - 18 June 1996

Diplomatic Sanctions

First Netanyahu - Arafat Meeting
4 September 1996

Sanctions Violence

Tunnel Opened by Israel in Old City, Jerusalem; Palestinian-Israeli Clashes
24 September 1996 - 28 September 1996

Diplomatic Violence

Security Council Resolution S/RES/1073
28 September 1996

Diplomatic

Clinton - Netanyahu - Arafat - Hussein Meeting in Washington
1 October 1996 - 2 October 1996

Legal Diplomatic

Protocol on Redeployment in Hebron Signed
6 October 1996 - 16 January 1997

Diplomatic Legal

Ambiguous and Weakened Assurances on Further Redeployment
16 January 1997

Colonization

Har Homa/Jabal Abu Ghunaym Settlement to Be Constructed
26 February 1997

Popular action Violence

Palestinian Response to Har Homa/Jabal Abu Ghunaym Settlement Project
27 February 1997 - 10 April 1997

Diplomatic Colonization

Draft Security Council Resolutions S/1997/199 and S/1997/241
7 March 1997 - 21 March 1997

Legal

First Phase of Further Redeployment Not Implemented
9 March 1997 - 12 March 1997

Legal Violence

Palestinian-Israeli Talks Deadlocked
10 March 1997 - 30 July 1997

Diplomatic Legal

General Assembly Resolutions A/RES/ES-10/2 and A/RES/ES-10/3
25 April 1997 - 15 July 1997

Violence

Suicide Bombings in West Jerusalem: Israeli Reactions and Palestinian Measures
30 July 1997 - 25 September 1997

Colonization

Israeli Settlement Activities Amid Attempts to Resume Talks
10 September 1997 - 6 November 1997

Violence

Attempted Assassination of Khalid Mishal in Amman; Ahmad Yasin Released
25 September 1997 - 1 October 1997

Policy/program

Israel's Position on Further Redeployment and on Palestinian Obligations
23 November 1997 - 14 January 1998

Diplomatic Policy/program

US Position on Further Redeployment and Palestinian Obligations
5 December 1997 - 3 September 1998

Institutional Policy/program

33rd Zionist Congress is Held in Jerusalem
23 December 1997 - 26 December 1997

Popular action Violence

Commemoration of the Nakba 50th Anniversary
14 May 1998 - 15 May 1998

Colonization Legal

Renewed Israeli Settlement Activities and Plans in East Jerusalem
25 May 1998 - 21 June 1998

Institutional Diplomatic

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/52/250
7 July 1998

Diplomatic

Statement of the President of the Security Council S/PRST/1998/21
13 July 1998

Diplomatic

Further Redeployment Talks Intensify
3 September 1998 - 28 September 1998

Legal Diplomatic

Wye River Plantation Meeting; Memorandum Signed
15 October 1998 - 23 October 1998

Popular action Policy/program

Several Palestinian Organizations Publicly Oppose Wye Memorandum
26 October 1998

Colonization

Feverish Settlement Activities After Wye Memorandum
26 October 1998 - 15 November 1998

Legal Sanctions

Israeli Obstacles to Wye River Implementation; First Stage Redeployment Only
30 October 1998 - 17 May 1999

Legal

Israel Releases the First Group of Prisoners Pursuant to Oral Understandings at Wye River
19 November 1998 - 20 November 1998

Institutional

Inauguration of LVGR, the Gaza International Airport
20 November 1998 - 24 November 1998

Institutional Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Gaza
10 December 1998

Diplomatic Policy/program

President Clinton's Visit to Gaza
14 December 1998

Policy/program

Palestinian Popular Congress to Confirm Nullification Articles of National Charter, Gaza
14 December 1998

Policy/program

To Declare a Palestinian State at the End of the Transitional Period?
28 December 1998 - 25 April 1999

Diplomatic Institutional

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/6
9 February 1999

Biographical

King Hussein Dies; Eldest Son Is Crowned King Abdallah II
17 February 1999

Diplomatic Sanctions

Orient House, Jerusalem and PLO Foreign Relations
1 March 1999 - 11 May 1999

Policy/program Diplomatic

European Union Declaration "Compensating" the PLO for Not Declaring a State
25 March 1999

Policy/program Diplomatic

Clinton's Letter of Assurance to Arafat as a "Compensation" for Not Declaring a State
26 April 1999

Institutional Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Gaza
27 April 1999 - 29 April 1999

Diplomatic

End of the Oslo Five-Year Interim Period
4 May 1999

Biographical

Ehud Barak Defeats Netanyahu to Become Prime Minister
17 May 1999

Diplomatic

With Barak as Prime Minister, Negotiations on Wye Implementation Resume
11 July 1999 - 3 September 1999

Diplomatic Legal

Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention
15 July 1999

Sanctions Violence

Palestinian Authority Crackdown Against Hamas
3 August 1999 - 26 August 1999

Legal Diplomatic

Sharm al-Shaykh Memorandum (Wye II Accord)
4 September 1999

Legal

Implementation of Sharm al-Shaykh Memorandum (Wye II)
10 September 1999 - 20 March 2000

Diplomatic

Official Resumption of Final Status Talks
13 September 1999 - 6 December 1999

Diplomatic

Abu Ali Mustafa, PFLP Deputy Secretary-General Returns to Palestine
30 September 1999

Colonization

Official Colonization Activity and (Very) Partial Removal of Settler Outposts
10 October 1999 - 10 November 1999

Popular action Sanctions

Petition of the Twenty Denouncing the Palestinian Authority
27 November 1999 - 29 November 1999

Diplomatic

Setting Up Israeli-Palestinian Back Channel
1 December 1999 - 5 May 2000

Diplomatic

Revival and Failure of Syrian-Israeli Talks
7 December 1999 - 26 March 2000

Diplomatic

Failure to Reach a FAPS by 13 February 2000 Target Date
8 December 1999 - 6 February 2000

Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Gaza
2 February 2000 - 3 February 2000

Legal Diplomatic

Commitments Not Implemented by Israel During the Transitional Period
9 February 2000

Legal Diplomatic

Vatican - PLO Agreement
15 February 2000

Popular action Sanctions

Mounting Malaise in the Palestinian Territories
17 February 2000 - 18 May 2000

Diplomatic

FAPS Target Date Extended to 13 May: The Bolling Rounds
7 March 2000 - 20 April 2000

Biographical

George Habash Retires as S-G of PFLP
27 April 2000 - 28 April 2000

Diplomatic

Failure to Reach the FAPS by 13 May 2000 Target Date: Eilat Round
30 April 2000 - 8 May 2000

Popular action

Mounting Anti-Israeli Mobilization
10 May 2000 - 20 May 2000

Diplomatic Biographical

The Stockholm Back Channel - 1st Session
12 May 2000 - 15 May 2000

Diplomatic

The Stockholm Back Channel - 2nd Session
18 May 2000 - 22 May 2000

Diplomatic Policy/program

Israel Carries a Full-Scale Withdrawal from South Lebanon
21 May 2000 - 24 May 2000

Diplomatic

Israeli-Palestinian (Post-Stockholm) Back Channel
1 June 2000 - 3 June 2000

Biographical

Syrian President Hafiz al-Asad Dies
10 June 2000 - 11 June 2000

Diplomatic

Andrews and Bolling Rounds of Negotiation
13 June 2000 - 17 June 2000

Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Gaza
2 July 2000 - 3 July 2000

Popular action Diplomatic

Clinton Invites Arafat and Barak to a Summit in Camp David
3 July 2000 - 11 July 2000

Diplomatic

Failure of Final Status Talks at Camp David Summit
11 July 2000 - 25 July 2000

Violence

Undermining the Talks and Preparing for their Failure: The Settlers and the Israeli Army
15 July 2000 - 8 August 2000

Diplomatic

Attempts to Revive Final Status Talks
16 August 2000 - 28 September 2000

Cultural Policy/program

The PA Releases First Batch of New Textbooks
2 September 2000

Diplomatic Legal

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Gaza
9 September 2000 - 10 September 2000