Overall Chronology

Overall Chronology

Overall Chronology
E.g., 2018/12/13
E.g., 2018/12/13

Ottoman Rule

1500

1600

1700

1800

1810

1820

1830

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

1901

1902

1903

1904

1905

1906

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

Early Mandate Period

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

1935

Second Mandate Period

1936

1937

1938

1939

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946

The Palestine War And The Nakba

1947

1948

1949

Reverberations Of 1948 Palestine War And The Arab-Israeli Conflict

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

1957

1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

The Rise Of The Palestinian Movement In The Wake Of The 1967 Arab Defeat

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

From A Sense Of Victory To Separate Peace And Civil War

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

Palestinian Defeat, Divisions And Survival

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

The First Intifada And The Beginning Of Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

The Oslo Process And The Establishment Of The Palestinian Authority

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

The Aqsa Intifada and the End of an Era in Palestinian Politics

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Contextual

Ottoman Conquest of Palestine
1516

Popular action

The Naqib al-Ashraf Rebellion
1703 - 1705

Institutional Socio-Economic

Acre Under Zahir al-Umar al-Zaydani
1746 - 1775

Institutional

Acre Under Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar
1775 - 1804

Violence

Napoleon Bonaparte in Palestine
February 1799 - May 1799

Popular action Socio-Economic

Tax Revolt in Jerusalem
1825 - 1826

Violence Institutional

Ibrahim Pasha in Palestine
October 1831 - 1834

Popular action Violence

Uprising Against Egyptian Rule
April 1834 - August 1834

Diplomatic Sanctions

International Intervention against Egyptian Rule in Bilad al-Sham
1839 - 1841

Diplomatic Institutional

Establishment of European and American Consulates in Jerusalem
1839 - 1862

Legal Institutional

The Tanzimat Are Issued
18 February 1856

Institutional Legal

Ottoman Land Code, 7 Ramadan 1274
21 April 1858

Institutional Legal

Ottoman Law of the Provinces: Administrative Reorganization in Syria and Palestine
7 November 1864

Legal

Law Concerning Land Purchase by non-Ottoman Subjects, 7 Safar 1284
10 June 1867

Legal Cultural

Ottoman Education Law Is Passed
20 September 1869

Institutional

Jerusalem Area Designated as a Sanjaq
1872

Legal

Sultan Abd al-Hamid II and the Ottoman Constitution
31 August 1876 - 19 December 1876

Legal Institutional

Jerusalem Representation in the Ottoman General Assembly
19 March 1877

Colonization

Establishment of the First Zionist Colony in Palestine
1878 - 1883

Violence Policy/program

Jewish Nationalism in Eastern Europe
1881 - 1884

Colonization Legal

Settlement of European Jews in the Ottoman Empire
November 1881

Contextual

Great Britain Invades and Occupies Egypt
1882

Colonization

First Wave of Jewish Immigration to Palestine
1882 - 1903

Violence Colonization

Palestinian-Zionist Dispute
1886

Diplomatic Colonization

European Powers Press the Ottomans on Jewish Immigration
1888

Institutional

Administrative Reorganization in Syria and Palestine
March 1888

Popular action Colonization

Jerusalem Notables Oppose Jewish Immigration
June 1891

Institutional Colonization

Establishment of the Jewish Colonization Association
September 1891

Socio-Economic

Building of the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railroad Line
1892

Legal Diplomatic

The Ottomans and Sale of Land to Jews in Palestine
November 1892 - 1893

Policy/program Colonization

Publication of The State of the Jews by Theodor Herzl
February 1896

Popular action Colonization

Local Control of Zionist Land Purchases
1897

Institutional Policy/program

1st Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
29 August 1897 - 31 August 1897

Institutional Colonization

2nd Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
28 August 1898 - 31 August 1898

Colonization

Herzl Correspondence with Jerusalem Mayor
19 March 1899

Institutional Colonization

3rd Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
15 August 1899 - 18 August 1899

Institutional Colonization

4th Zionist Congress Is Held in London
13 August 1900 - 16 August 1900

Legal Colonization

New Ottoman Regulations on Jewish Land Purchase
9 January 1901

Popular action Colonization

Tiberias Palestinians Protest Jewish Land Acquisition
July 1901

Diplomatic Legal

France and the Ottoman Empire Sign the Mytilène Agreements
November 1901

Institutional Colonization

5th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
26 December 1901 - 30 December 1901

Institutional Colonization

Establishment of the Anglo-Palestine Company
1903

Institutional Diplomatic

6th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
23 August 1903 - 28 August 1903

Colonization

2nd Wave of Jewish Immigration
1904 - 1914

Biographical

Theodor Herzl Dies; Replaced by David Wolffsohn
3 July 1904

Violence

Tiberias Palestinians Protest Again
August 1904 - September 1904

Socio-Economic

Completion of the Hejaz Railway
1905

Policy/program

Publication of The Awakening of the Arab Nation in Asiatic Turkey by Najib Azoury
January 1905

Institutional Policy/program

7th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
27 July 1905 - 2 August 1905

Cultural

Establishment of the Rawdat al-Ma'arif al-Wataniyya al-'Uthmaniyya al-Islamiyya in Jerusalem
1906

Institutional Diplomatic

8th Zionist Congress Is Held in the Hague
14 July 1907 - 21 July 1907

Colonization

Zionist Evasion of Ottoman Regulations
August 1907

Violence

Zionist-Palestinian Violence Breaks out in Jaffa
March 1908

Contextual Institutional

Young Turk Revolution
July 1908 - December 1908

Popular action Institutional

Palestinians Participate in the Establishment of Arab Nationalist Societies
September 1908 - 1912

Cultural

Establishment of Palestinian Newspaper al-Karmel in Haifa
December 1908

Colonization

Foundation of the Zionist Paramilitary Group HaShomer
1909

Colonization

Foundation of Tel Aviv
1909

Cultural

Establishment of al-Madrasa al-Dusturiyya, Jerusalem
1909

Violence

Palestinian-Zionist Clashes Near Nazareth
February 1909 - April 1909

Diplomatic

Ottoman Parliamentarians Protest Zionist Objectives
July 1909

Institutional Policy/program

9th Zionist Congress Is Held in Hamburg
26 December 1909 - 30 December 1909

Popular action Colonization

Arab Ottoman Parliamentarians Address Minister of Interior
June 1910

Cultural Policy/program

Publication of Zionism by Najib Nassar
1911

Cultural

Establishment of Filastin Newspaper in Jaffa
January 1911

Institutional Colonization

First Major Debate on Zionism in Ottoman Parliament
March 1911 - May 1911

Institutional Policy/program

10th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
9 August 1911 - 15 August 1911

Diplomatic Colonization

European Powers Renew Pressure on the Ottomans to Ease Zionist Land Acquisition in Palestine
January 1912

Institutional

Ottoman Parliamentary Elections Are Held
April 1912 - August 1912

Legal

Provisional Law Concerning the Right of Certain Corporate Bodies to Own Immovable Property, 22 Rabi' al-awwal 1331
1 March 1913

Legal

Provisional Law of Disposal of Immovable Property, 5 Jumada al-ula 1331
12 April 1913

Institutional Colonization

11th Zionist Congress Meets in Vienna
2 September 1913 - 9 September 1913

Socio-Economic

Railway Lines in Palestine
1914

Contextual Violence

World War 1
1 August 1914 - February 1915

Diplomatic Policy/program

Hussein-McMahon Correspondence
14 July 1915 - 30 March 1916

Diplomatic Policy/program

Signing of the Sykes-Picot Agreement
16 May 1916

Popular action

Start of the Arab Revolt
June 1916

Colonization

British Palestine Campaign
March 1917 - September 1918

Contextual

Russian Revolution Brings the Bolsheviks to Power
8 March 1917 - 8 November 1917

Policy/program

Balfour Declaration Is Made
2 November 1917

Colonization

Arrival in Palestine of the Zionist Commission
April 1918

Popular action

Establishment of Muslim-Christian Societies
October 1918 - December 1918

Legal Colonization

Proclamations No. 75 and No. 76 on Immovable Property
18 November 1918

Diplomatic Policy/program

The King-Crane Commission Tours the Region and Makes a Recommendation
January 1919 - August 1919

Colonization

3rd Wave of Jewish Immigration to Palestine
1919 - 1923

Popular action

1st Palestinian National Congress Is Held in Jerusalem
27 January 1919 - 10 February 1919

Contextual Policy/program

Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations Covenant Signed
28 June 1919

Popular action Policy/program

General Syrian Congress Is Held in Damascus
2 July 1919

Contextual Institutional

Covenant of the League of Nations Enters into Force
10 January 1920

Popular action Policy/program

The General Syrian National Congress Proclaims the Independence of Syria
27 February 1920 - 8 March 1920

Violence

Anti-Zionist Disturbances Break out in Palestine; Palin Commission of Inquiry
April 1920

Diplomatic Policy/program

San Remo Conference
25 April 1920

Sanctions

Scheduled Second Palestinian National Congress Cannot Meet
15 May 1920

Institutional

Founding of the Haganah, the Jewish Paramilitary Organization
June 1920

Institutional

Palestine Civil Government
1 July 1920

Institutional Colonization

International Zionist Conference Meets in London
July 1920

Contextual

French Occupy Damascus
24 July 1920

Institutional

Advisory Council for Palestine Is Established
October 1920

Legal Colonization

Transfer of Land Ordinance
1 October 1920

Legal Colonization

Mahlul Land Ordinance
1 October 1920

Institutional

Establishment of the Histadrut
December 1920

Popular action Institutional

3rd Palestinian National Congress Meets in Haifa
13 December 1920 - 19 December 1920

Legal

Mewat Land Ordinance
16 February 1921

Biographical

Prince Abdullah Is Named Emir of Transjordan
11 April 1921

Violence

May Day Clashes in Jaffa
1 May 1921 - 7 May 1921

Biographical

Amin al-Husseini Elected Mufti of Jerusalem
8 May 1921

Institutional

4th Palestinian National Congress Is Held in Jerusalem
29 May 1921 - 4 June 1921

Institutional Diplomatic

12th Zionist Congress Is Held in Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary)
1 September 1921 - 14 September 1921

Institutional Violence

The Report of the Haycraft Commission of Inquiry on Jaffa Disturbances is Published
October 1921

Legal

Transfer of Land Amendment Ordinance No. 2
8 December 1921

Institutional

Regulation Concerning the Supreme Moslem Sharia Council
20 December 1921 - 9 January 1922

Policy/program

White Paper (Churchill) of 1922 Is Published
3 June 1922

Diplomatic Institutional

The League of Nations Ratifies Britain’s Mandate over Palestine and Recognizes the Zionist Organization
24 July 1922

Legal Institutional

Promulgation of the Palestine Order in Council
10 August 1922

Policy/program Popular action

5th Palestinian National Congress Meets in Nablus
20 August 1922 - 1 September 1922

Socio-Economic

1st British Census of Palestine
October 1922

Popular action Institutional

Palestinians Boycott Elections
February 1923 - March 1923

Popular action

6th Palestinian National Congress Is Held in Jaffa
16 June 1923

Contextual Diplomatic

Treaty of Lausanne is Signed with Ataturk's Turkey
24 July 1923

Institutional Policy/program

13th Zionist Congress Is Held in Carlsbad
6 August 1923 - 18 August 1923

Legal Institutional

Official Onset of British Mandate for Palestine.
29 September 1923

Popular action

Palestinians Reject Arab Agency Scheme
12 October 1923

Institutional Popular action

Founding of the Arab National Party in Jerusalem
8 November 1923

Colonization

4th Wave of Jewish Immigration to Palestine
1924 - 1928

Institutional Policy/program

Establishment of the Zionist Revisionist Movement
1925

Socio-Economic

Palestine Arab Workers Society Is Established
25 March 1925

Popular action Cultural

Anti-Balfour Demonstrations in Palestine
25 March 1925 - 1 April 1925

Institutional Policy/program

14th Zionist Congress is Held in Vienna
18 August 1925 - 31 August 1925

Legal Institutional

Correction of Land Registers Ordinance, No. 12
16 February 1926

Legal Sanctions

Collective Punishment Ordinance Is Issued
16 May 1926

Legal Institutional

Municipal Elections Are Held in Palestine
April 1927

Contextual

Powerful Earthquake in Palestine and Transjordan
11 July 1927

Institutional Colonization

15th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
30 August 1927 - 11 September 1927

Institutional Colonization

Land Settlement Ordinance No. 9
30 May 1928

Popular action Policy/program

7th Palestinian National Congress Meets in Jerusalem
20 June 1928 - 27 June 1928

Popular action Sanctions Violence

Tension Over al-Buraq/ Western Wall
24 September 1928 - 30 October 1928

Popular action

Islamic Conference in Defense of al-Buraq and Muslim Holy Places in Jerusalem
1 November 1928

Legal Policy/program

White Paper (Amery) on Status Quo at al-Buraq / Western Wall
27 November 1928 - 27 December 1928

Institutional Policy/program

16th Zionist Congress Is Held in Zurich
28 July 1929 - 11 August 1929

Legal Colonization

Protection of Cultivators Ordinance No. 27
31 July 1929

Violence

al-Buraq / Western Wall Disturbances
15 August 1929 - 29 August 1929

Popular action

1st Palestine Arab Women Congress Is Held in Jerusalem
26 October 1929

Legal Policy/program

League of Nations Council Appoints a Commission on al-Buraq / Western Wall
January 1930 - November 1930

Policy/program Violence

Shaw Commission Report on al-Buraq / Western Wall Disturbances
31 March 1930 - 2 May 1930

Diplomatic Popular action

4th Palestinian Delegation to London
1 April 1930 - 23 May 1930

Socio-Economic

Establishment of the Arab Bank in Jerusalem
21 May 1930 - 14 July 1930

Sanctions

Hanging of Palestinian Militants
17 June 1930

Policy/program Colonization

Hope-Simpson Report Is Published
1 October 1930 - 20 October 1930

Policy/program Colonization

White Paper (Passfield) of 1930 Is Published
20 October 1930

Policy/program

MacDonald's Reassurance to Weizmann
13 February 1931

Institutional Violence

Establishment of Irgun
April 1931

Institutional Policy/program

17th Zionist Congress Is Held in Basel
30 June 1931 - 15 July 1931

Policy/program Colonization

Lewis French and the Palestine Development Scheme
19 July 1931 - December 1931

Socio-Economic

2nd British Census of Palestine
November 1931

Popular action

Pan-Islamic Congress Is Held in Jerusalem
7 December 1931 - 17 December 1931

Popular action

Challenging the Pan-Islamic Congress, a Conference of the Palestinian Islamic Nation Is Convened
11 December 1931

Policy/program Popular action

An Arab National Conference Meets on the Sidelines of the Pan-Islamic Congress
13 December 1931

Institutional Popular action

Arab Youth Congress Meets in Jaffa
4 January 1932

Institutional Popular action

Establishment of the Istiqlal Party
2 August 1932

Socio-Economic Institutional

Establishment of the Arab National Fund
September 1932 - 8 August 1935

Socio-Economic

Creation of the Arab Agricultural Bank
1933

Colonization

Increase in Jewish Immigration from Germany
1933 - 1935

Institutional Colonization

18th Zionist Congress Is Held in Prague
21 August 1933 - 3 September 1933

Legal Colonization

Protection of Cultivators Ordinance, No. 37
31 August 1933

Popular action

General Strike in Palestine
27 October 1933

Policy/program Violence

Murison Commission of Inquiry
February 1934

Institutional Biographical

Death of Musa Kazim Husseini
March 1934

Institutional Popular action

Foundation of Four Palestinian Parties
December 1934 - October 1935

Socio-Economic

Oil Pipeline Connecting Northern Iraq to Haifa Opens Officially
January 1935

Institutional Policy/program

19th Zionist Congress Meets in Lucerne
20 August 1935 - 4 September 1935

Diplomatic Colonization

Nuremberg Laws and Jewish Immigration
15 September 1935

Violence

Arms Shipment to the Haganah
October 1935

Violence Popular action

Death of Shaykh Izzeddin al-Qassam
12 November 1935 - 21 November 1935

Popular action

Joint Memorandum of Palestinian Parties
25 November 1935

Policy/program Institutional

Revival of the Legislative Council Idea
December 1935 - March 1936

Popular action

First Phase of the Great Palestinian Rebellion
15 April 1936 - 23 July 1937

Popular action Institutional

Launch of the Rebellion
15 April 1936 - 7 May 1936

Legal Sanctions

Enactment of Emergency Regulations
19 April 1936

Popular action Violence

Rebels Launch Armed Resistance
May 1936

Sanctions

British Violent Repression
May 1936 - June 1936

Violence

British Secure Military Reinforcements
May 1936 - September 1936

Policy/program Violence

Appointment of the Peel Commission
18 May 1936

Popular action Policy/program

Memorandum of Arab Senior Government Officials to the High Commissioner
30 June 1936

Legal Sanctions

British Authorities' Collective Punishment
4 August 1936

Violence

Fawzi al-Qawuqji Aids the Great Palestine Rebellion
25 August 1936

Popular action Diplomatic

General Strike Called Off
11 October 1936

Policy/program Violence

Peel Commission Investigates the Cause of the Great Palestinian Rebellion
11 November 1936 - 7 July 1937

Popular action Violence

Second Phase of the Great Palestinian Rebellion
July 1937 - September 1938

Policy/program

Palestinians Reject Peel C