XII. A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks

XII. A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks

Period
XII. A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks
26 January 2006 to 31 December 2015

The period 2006–2015 witnessed a political and territorial split between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank due to a bitter dispute between the Hamas and Fatah movements after the legislative elections of January 2006. While the United States did not undertake significant efforts toward a fair settlement of the conflict, Israel carried out three major military assaults on Hamas-controlled Gaza, with disastrous consequences for Gaza and its residents, in addition to a war against Lebanon in Summer 2006; and it continued construction of settlements in the West Bank, including Jerusalem. Under these conditions, and given the upheavals in the Arab world, the Palestinians responded by seeking support in the international arena. Their efforts bore modest results; the United Nations and various governments around the world made significant steps toward diplomatic recognition of the Palestinian state.

The bitter dispute between Hamas and Fatah has a lengthy history. Mutual antagonism was fueled further on 25 January 2006, when Hamas won the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections. As a result, Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazin) appointed Hamas politician Ismail Haniyeh to the position of PA prime minister and approved his cabinet slate without agreeing to his program. Israel and the “Quartet” (United States, European Union, Russia, and the United Nations) refused to deal with the Hamas government until it recognized Israel, accepted previous agreements signed by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and renounced violence. International donors resorted to circumventing Haniyeh’s government and channeling funds to Abbas in his capacity as PLO president. But the internal challenges proved more difficult to evade.

Shortly after the formation of the cabinet, the new minister of interior formed a security force under his command, called the Executive Support Force (ESF). The latter rivalled the official PA security forces, which reported to Abbas and were dominated by Fatah loyalists. Violent clashes between the two sides and their supporters alternated with unity talks between May 2006 and January 2007, until Saudi Arabia intervened and sponsored (in Mecca on 8 February 2007) an agreement between the two parties to form a unity government; this government was announced on 17 March. However, all-out fighting between the two sides resumed in June 2007, with Hamas eliminating security forces loyal to Abbas in Gaza. The latter declared a state of emergency on 14 June and dismissed Haniyeh from his post as prime minister, although in reality there was little the PA, from Ramallah, or Fatah could do about the situation in Gaza. The result was the emergence of two separate Palestinian governments: one headed by Salam Fayyad in the PA-controlled parts of the West Bank and recognized by the international community, and a Hamas-led government under Haniyeh in Gaza.

Immediately thereafter and in a bid to strengthen Abbas by showing some progress in the peace process, Israelis and Palestinians were brought together by the US administration to resume talk on final status issues. From mid-July 2007 until mid-September 2008, numerous and intensive negotiation sessions, including a conference attended by Abbas, Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert, President George W. Bush, and representatives of forty countries at Annapolis on 27 November 2007 led nowhere on the main four issues: Jerusalem, refugees, borders, and security.

In the meantime, in July-August 2006, war broke out between Israel and Hizballah after the latter abducted two soldiers north of Israel. Despite thirty-four days of heavy bombardment and incursion attempts into South Lebanon, the Israeli army failed to stop Hizballah’s shelling on Israel’s territory and to break its defenses. Against the backdrop of such a failure, a severe blockade of Gaza and Hamas-Israel on-and-off rocket exchanges, the Israeli army launched from 27 December 2008 until 18 January 2009 a war against Gaza (Operation Cast Lead, but called by Hamas the Battle of Right against Wrong), in order to regain its deterrence, greatly damaged by the war on Lebanon, and to test the lessons of that war through massive aerial bombardment and land incursions at the expense of the civilian population (1,400 Palestinians dead, more than 4,000 wounded) and Gaza’s infrastructures and built areas. Just over three years later, from 14–21 November 2012, Israel carried out another campaign of intensive bombardment of Gaza but did not commit ground forces.

President Barack Obama, who was sworn in on 20 January 2009, brought some hope to the possibility of progress in the peace process, especially with his Cairo speech on 4 June, in which he called for stopping Israel’s settlement activities and stated that “just as Israel's right to exist cannot be denied, neither can Palestine's.” However, the US administration resolve on the settlement freeze petered out gradually in the following months, and it applied mounting pressure instead on Abbas to get his agreement to direct talks with Israel’s prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu. These talks, held in Washington and Sharm al-Shaykh in September 2010, led nowhere. Obama later directed Secretary of State John Kerry to undertake peace talks with the two sides. From 29 July 2013 through 29 April 2014, no tangible results were achieved. In fact, the Netanyahu government pursued with perseverance its strategy of settlement expansion and even used it as provocative tactics to undermine the credibility of the Ramallah PA and the American mediation efforts.

The credibility of the Palestinian leadership was in any case undermined intrinsically. Salam Fayyad (who served as prime minister until April 2013) issued in August 2009 a plan for institutional and infrastructural development called “Ending the Occupation, Establishing the State”; the plan made little difference in light of Israel’s encroachments and because Fayyad did not receive sufficient political support from Fatah. The Hamas government in Gaza, incapable of breaking Israel’s economic siege to satisfy the population under its control, found some compensation in the lifeline provided by the tunnels with Egypt, and also in imposing on the population rules it considered part of the right social Islamic order. In addition, Abbas’s PA in Ramallah and Hamas government in Gaza suffered from their divisions, in spite of various initiatives undertaken by some Arab countries and Palestinians not affiliated to either Hamas or Fatah. Abbas and Hamas leader Khalid Mishal, or their representatives, signed successive agreements on 4 May 2011 in Cairo, on 7 February 2012 in Doha, on 20 May in Cairo, providing for the formation of a caretaker government of technocrats and the holding of PLC elections. However, no action was taken on the ground following these three instances.

Finally, on 23 April 2014, the two sides signed an agreement in Gaza City, confirming what had been achieved in Doha and Cairo. On 2 June, Abbas swore in a new unity government, consisting of independents and technocrats and headed by Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, who had been serving already in this capacity in the West Bank since June 2013. But real power in ministerial departments and security services in Gaza remained under Hamas’s control. Many countries, including the United States, welcomed the move, and Israel expressed its displeasure.

Just one month into the new unity government, and in the context of renewed tension, Israel launched a third major attack on Gaza. From 8 July through 26 August 2014, Israeli naval, air, and ground forces assaulted and re-invaded Gaza in what the Israelis called Operation Protective Edge. Over 2,200 Palestinians were killed, the majority of them civilians. Hamas once again launched thousands of rockets into Israel, some striking as far north as Zikhron Ya`akov south of Haifa. Israeli casualties were six civilians and 67 soldiers.

With the Oslo process seemingly dead, the PLO focused on seeking international recognition of an independent Palestinian state. Such efforts included attempts to secure the admission of Palestine into the UN as a full member state. On 23 September 2011, Abbas submitted a formal application for admission into the UN despite knowing that admission into the world body requires the support of the Security Council, where the United States surely would use its veto power. These rules do not apply to membership in subsidiary UN bodies, however, and on 31 October 2011, UNESCO voted to admit Palestine as a full member of that body. Abandoning the plan to petition for full UN membership, the PLO still managed successfully to secure the status of Palestine as a “non-member observer state” in the General Assembly in a 29 November 2012 vote. Meanwhile, civil society groups outside of Palestine have given voice to a campaign of boycott, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) against Israel, Israeli institutions, and international companies implicated in the occupation and oppression of Palestinians. Progress on these fronts, at both the diplomatic and civil society levels, has been largely symbolic, however.

A series of political events and conflicts inaugurated by the so-called Arab Spring in late 2010 and early 2011 have greatly complicated the regional picture. Unrest and conflict, particularly in neighboring Egypt and Syria, have drawn focus away from the Palestinian issue, while the impact on Palestinian refugees, in Syria in particular, has been harsh. Meanwhile, the forging of new alliances and the opening of new rifts in the Arab world involving non-Arab regional actors (Israel, Iran and Turkey) have had their impact on the Palestinian arena, many of the results of which remain to be seen. Given the persistence of internal divisions, the momentous and uncertain character of regional developments, the future for Palestinians remains murky.

MF

 

Selected Bibliography

Bitari, Nidal. “Yarmuk Refugee Camp and the Syrian Uprising: A View from Within.Journal of Palestine Studies 43, no. 1 (Autumn 2013): 61–78.

Commentary: The Kerry Negotiations.Journal of Palestine Studies 43, no. 3 (Spring 2014): 40–55.

Hilal, Jamil. “The Polarization of the Palestinian Political Field.Journal of Palestine Studies 39, no. 3 (Spring 2010): 24–39.

Khalidi, Muhammad Ali. “The Most Moral Army in the World: The New ‘Ethical Code’ of the Israeli Military and the War on Gaza.Journal of Palestine Studies 39, no. 3 (Spring 2010): 6–23.

Parsons, Nigel. The Politics of the Palestinian Authority: From Oslo to al-Aqsa. London: Routledge, 2012.

Usher, Graham. “Letter from the UN: The Palestinian Bid for Membership.Journal of Palestine Studies 41, no. 1 (Autumn 2011): 57–66.

XII. A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks
E.g., 2018/12/14
E.g., 2018/12/14

A Palestinian Authority Divided, Israeli Assaults on Gaza, and Peace Process Setbacks

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Institutional

Palestinian Legislative Elections Results: Hamas's Victory
26 January 2006 - 29 January 2006

Diplomatic

Palestinian Legislative Election Results: Initial Israeli and International Reactions
27 January 2006 - 5 February 2006

Institutional Legal

Palestinian Legislative Election Results: Initial Palestinian Reactions
27 January 2006 - 4 May 2006

Violence

Israeli Operations Resume
3 February 2006 - 11 February 2006

Diplomatic Policy/program

US-Israel Plan to Destabilize a Hamas-Led PA
17 February 2006 - 19 February 2006

Institutional Policy/program

PA New Legislature and Consultations to Form a New Cabinet
18 February 2006 - 16 March 2006

Sanctions Socio-Economic

Pressure on Palestinians; Gaza on the Brink of a Humanitarian Crisis
1 March 2006 - 25 April 2006

Policy/program

Olmert's Separation Plan
5 March 2006 - 9 March 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israeli Raid on Jericho Jail
14 March 2006 - 18 March 2006

Institutional Policy/program

Formation of the Hamas-Led Cabinet
19 March 2006 - 28 March 2006

Institutional Biographical

Olmert's Kadima Party Wins the Knesset Elections
28 March 2006 - 4 May 2006

Violence

Israel Launches Operation Southern Arrow
30 March 2006 - 14 May 2006

Sanctions

Israel’s Campaign Against Non-ID Holders in the West Bank
1 April 2006 - 6 September 2006

Institutional

Abbas's Control Over PA Security Forces
5 April 2006 - 11 April 2006

Institutional

Hamas-Led PA Ministry of Interior Establishes the Executive Support Force in Gaza
20 April 2006 - 25 May 2006

Policy/program Socio-Economic

A “Temporary International Mechanism” to Channel Funds Through Abbas’s Office
9 May 2006 - 27 July 2006

Policy/program Institutional

The Prisoners' Initiative: National Conciliation Document
10 May 2006 - 13 May 2006

Policy/program

Haniyeh Proposes a Long-term Cease-fire and Peace
23 May 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israeli Operations in the West Bank
24 May 2006 - 22 June 2006

Violence Popular action

Fatah-Hamas Clashes
26 May 2006 - 24 June 2006

Violence

Israel Steps up Military Actions in Gaza
29 May 2006 - 15 June 2006

Institutional Policy/program

35th Zionist Congress Meets in Jerusalem
19 June 2006 - 22 June 2006

Violence

Hamas Operation Dispel Illusion: Capture of Gilad Shalit
25 June 2006 - 1 July 2006

Policy/program Institutional

Palestinian Factions Agree on the National Conciliation Document
27 June 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israel Retaliates Against Shalit's Capture: Operation Summer Rains
28 June 2006 - 8 July 2006

Sanctions

Major Arrest Raid Against Hamas-Affiliated PA Officials
29 June 2006 - 19 August 2006

Violence

New Israeli Pattern of Battering Gaza
11 July 2006 - 15 August 2006

Violence

Hizballah Fighters Capture Israeli Soldiers
12 July 2006

Violence

Attempted Assassination of Muhammad Dayf
12 July 2006

Violence

2nd Israel War on Lebanon: the July War
12 July 2006 - 14 August 2006

Diplomatic Violence

Draft Security Council Resolution S/2006/508
13 July 2006

Violence

July War: Israel Launches an Air War Against Hizballah
13 July 2006

Violence

July War: Israel's Air War Fails to Knock out Hizballah
14 July 2006 - 16 July 2006

Diplomatic Violence

July War: Diplomacy Paralyzed by the US
14 July 2006 - 16 July 2006

Violence

July War: Israel's Special Operations Along the Border
17 July 2006 - 19 July 2006

Violence

Major Israeli Operation in Nablus
19 July 2006 - 21 July 2006

Violence

July War: Israel Attempts to Establish a Limited Foothold in Southern Lebanon
19 July 2006 - 29 July 2006

Violence

July War: Massacre in Qana; 48-Hour Partial Suspension of Air Strikes
30 July 2006 - 2 August 2006

Violence

July War: Israel Attempts to Create a Special Security Zone
2 August 2006 - 10 August 2006

Diplomatic Violence

July War: Diplomatic Efforts for a Cease-Fire
5 August 2006 - 9 August 2006

Violence

July War: Israel Attempts a Ground Offensive in Southern Lebanon
11 August 2006 - 14 August 2006

Diplomatic Violence

Security Council Resolution S/RES/1701
11 August 2006

Diplomatic Violence

July War: The Cease-Fire
12 August 2006 - 14 August 2006

Violence

July War: A Balance Sheet
14 August 2006

Violence Popular action

July War: Israel Begins Withdrawing from Southern Lebanon
14 August 2006 - 17 August 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israel's Operation Summer Rains Against Gaza Continues
15 August 2006 - 9 September 2006

Colonization Policy/program

Olmert's Convergence Plan Put Aside; Settlement Activity Resumes
18 August 2006 - 21 September 2006

Policy/program

Intra-Palestinian Dynamics: The False Hopes of National Unity Talks
25 August 2006 - 23 September 2006

Popular action Violence

Intra-Palestinian Dynamics: Demonstrations and Violence
28 August 2006 - 23 October 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israel's Operation Summer Rains Enters its 4th Month
1 October 2006 - 31 October 2006

Violence Sanctions

Israel's Operation Autumn Clouds Against Gaza
1 November 2006 - 12 November 2006

Policy/program Institutional

Palestinian Unity Talks: A Cabinet of Technocrats?
6 November 2006 - 20 November 2006

Diplomatic Violence

Draft Security Council Resolution S/2006/878
11 November 2006

Diplomatic Violence

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/16
17 November 2006

Violence

Gaza Escalation Followed by a Negotiated Cease-Fire
20 November 2006 - 26 November 2006

Violence

Three Dramatic Spikes in Fatah-Hamas Violence
10 December 2006 - 8 February 2007

Policy/program Institutional

The US to Strengthen Security Forces Loyal to Abbas
14 December 2006 - 5 January 2007

Diplomatic Legal

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/17
15 December 2006

Policy/program Diplomatic

The US Revisits the Road Map
14 January 2007 - 15 January 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

Saudi Initiative for Palestinian Unity: the Mecca Accord
28 January 2007 - 8 February 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

International Responses to Palestinian Unity Efforts
2 February 2007 - 19 February 2007

Violence Sanctions

Israeli Operation Hot Winter in Nablus
25 February 2007 - 7 March 2007

Institutional Biographical

Formation of the Palestinian Unity Government
15 March 2007 - 17 March 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

A Mixed International Reception to the Palestinian Unity Government
17 March 2007 - 31 March 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

Arab Summit Meets in Riyad: Revival of the Arab Peace Initiative
28 March 2007 - 17 April 2007

Violence Sanctions

Israel Escalates Attacks in Gaza and the West Bank
3 April 2007 - 29 May 2007

Popular action

Palestinians in Jaffa Protest Eviction Plans of Israel Land Administration
27 April 2007

Violence Institutional

After the July War: Winograd Commission Interim Report
30 April 2007

Violence

Fatah-Hamas Infighting Resumes
11 May 2007 - 20 May 2007

Violence

The Battle of Nahr al-Barid
20 May 2007 - 2 September 2007

Violence

Hamas Seizes Control of Gaza
10 June 2007 - 16 June 2007

Institutional Legal

Emergency Cabinet in the West Bank
14 June 2007 - 26 June 2007

Diplomatic

Reactions to West Bank - Gaza Strip Split
17 June 2007 - 20 June 2007

Policy/program Institutional

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Ramallah
20 June 2007 - 21 June 2007

Violence Sanctions

Israeli Operations Against Gaza Resume
24 June 2007 - 12 July 2007

Biographical

Tony Blair Appointed Quartet Special Representative
27 June 2007

Institutional

Fayyad's Emergency Government Becomes a de facto Regular Government
5 July 2007 - 14 July 2007

Policy/program Socio-Economic

Bush's Policy Speech and Call for an International Conference
16 July 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

Abbas-Olmert Meetings to Reach Understandings Before the International Conference
6 August 2007 - 10 September 2007

Violence

Ongoing Military Confrontation: Israel Declares Gaza a "Hostile Territory"
16 August 2007 - 3 November 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

Palestinian and Israeli Teams to Prepare Annapolis International Conference
20 September 2007 - 25 November 2007

Biographical

Death of Haydar Abd al-Shafi
25 September 2007

Institutional Policy/program

Both Authorities in West Bank and Gaza Reorganize Security Forces
2 November 2007 - 4 December 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

The Annapolis Conference
27 November 2007

Colonization

Settlement Expansion in Jabal Abu Ghunaym/ Har Homa
4 December 2007

Socio-Economic

Effects of the Siege of Gaza on Private Sector Production
9 December 2007 - 9 January 2008

Diplomatic

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status: Bad Start
12 December 2007 - 27 December 2007

Violence Sanctions

Nablus Remains a Hot Spot
15 December 2007 - 5 January 2008

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Donors' Conference in Paris Supports Abbas's PA; PEGASE to Replace TIM
17 December 2007 - 1 February 2008

Diplomatic Colonization

The Quartet Expresses "Concern" over Jabal Abu Ghunaym/ Har Homa Expansion
17 December 2007

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status: Palestinian Side Sounded Out
7 January 2008 - 27 January 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Bush's Statement on Palestinian Statehood, Jerusalem
10 January 2008

Violence

Relentless Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation in Gaza
15 January 2008 - 22 January 2008

Popular action Policy/program

A Palestinian National Congress Is Held in Damascus
23 January 2008 - 25 January 2008

Popular action Socio-Economic

Gaza Palestinians Break Out into Sinai
23 January 2008 - 3 February 2008

Policy/program Institutional

After the July War: Final Report of the Winograd Commission
30 January 2008

Sanctions Legal

Israeli Supreme Court Endorses Economic Sanction Against Gaza
30 January 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status Intensify
4 February 2008 - 24 February 2008

Violence Biographical

Assassination of Hizballah's Imad Mughniyah in Damascus
12 February 2008

Violence

Israel Launches Operation Hot Winter in Gaza
28 February 2008 - 3 March 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status: Israeli's Security Demands
28 February 2008 - 11 May 2008

Diplomatic

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status (Almost) Suspended
2 March 2008

Colonization

Israel Announces New Settlement Construction Plans
9 March 2008 - 2 April 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Hamas Proposes a Comprehensive Cease-Fire
12 March 2008

Institutional Popular action

Hamas-Fatah Talks in Yemen
18 March 2008 - 28 March 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status Resume: Refugees and Territory Stumbling Blocks
24 March 2008 - 4 May 2008

Violence Socio-Economic

Gaza: Military Confrontation Continues and Siege is Tightened
26 March 2008 - 15 May 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status: A Disappointing Abbas-Bush Meeting
25 April 2008

Diplomatic

Israel Refuses an Egyptian-Brokered Gaza Cease-Fire Offer
30 April 2008 - 12 May 2008

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status to Nowhere
27 May 2008 - 1 January 2009

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Hamas and Israel Agree on a Six-Month Gaza Cease-Fire; Blockade Marginally Eased
17 June 2008 - 4 November 2008

Sanctions Policy/program

To Delink the West Bank from the Gaza Cease-Fire, Israel Escalates in the West Bank
7 July 2008 - 15 July 2008

Institutional Biographical

Political Crisis in Israel
30 July 2008 - 10 February 2009

Diplomatic Policy/program

Post-Annapolis Talks on Final Status: Olmert's Political Gamble
31 August 2008 - 16 September 2008

Violence Popular action

Palestinian-Israeli Clashes in Acre
8 October 2008 - 13 October 2008

Violence

Israel Breaks the Gaza Cease-Fire
4 November 2008 - 30 November 2008

Sanctions Socio-Economic

Seal on Gaza Borders Tightened
5 November 2008 - 29 November 2008

Violence

Gaza Cease-Fire Falls Apart
14 December 2008 - 21 December 2008

Diplomatic

Security Council Resolution S/RES/1850
16 December 2008

Violence

Prelude to Israel's War on Gaza
21 December 2008 - 26 December 2008

Violence

The War on Gaza (2008-09): Operation Cast Lead/ Battle of al-Furqan
27 December 2008 - 18 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 1, Start of Phase 1
27 December 2008

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 2
28 December 2008

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 3
29 December 2008

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 4
30 December 2008

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 5
31 December 2008

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 6
1 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 7
2 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 8: End of Phase 1; Balance Sheet
3 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 9: Start of Phase 2
4 January 2009

Diplomatic

War on Gaza: Calls for Active Diplomacy
4 January 2009 - 5 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 10; Gaza Strip Segmented into 3 Operational Zones
5 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 11: Dramatic Surge in Palestinian Civilian Casualties
6 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 12
7 January 2009

Diplomatic

Security Council Resolution S/RES/1860
8 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 13
8 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 14
9 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 15: Intensification of Israeli Attacks
10 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 16
11 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 17
12 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 18
13 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 19: Hamas Cease-Fire Offer
14 January 2009

Violence Diplomatic

War on Gaza, Day 20
15 January 2009

Diplomatic

War on Gaza: US-Israel MOU on Arms Smuggling into Gaza
16 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 21
16 January 2009

Diplomatic

War on Gaza: Israel Announces a Unilateral Cease-Fire
17 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza, Day 22
17 January 2009

Violence

War on Gaza: Parallel Israeli and Hamas Cease-Fires; Balance Sheet
18 January 2009

Violence Popular action

Israel Completes Its Withdrawal from Gaza
20 January 2009 - 21 January 2009

Diplomatic

President Obama Prepares Active Engagement in the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process
22 January 2009 - 4 March 2009

Violence

Gaza Tenuous Cease-Fire
27 January 2009 - 12 February 2009

Institutional Biographical

Binyamin Netanyahu of Likud Forms Israeli Cabinet after Close Election Results
10 February 2009 - 31 March 2009

Diplomatic

Talks to Consolidate Cease-Fire and Exchange Prisoners End in Failure
13 February 2009 - 18 February 2009

Institutional Policy/program

Palestinian National Unity Talks Resume in Cairo
25 February 2009 - 18 May 2009

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Donor Conference for Gaza Reconstruction, Sharm al-Shaykh
2 March 2009

Diplomatic Policy/program

Western Powers Adopt a Program of Action Against Weapons Smuggling into Gaza
13 March 2009

Policy/program

The New Netanyahu Government Prepares its Position on the Palestinian Issue
31 March 2009 - 5 May 2009

Diplomatic

The UN Human Rights Council Forms a Fact-Finding Mission on the War on Gaza (the Goldstone Mission)
3 April 2009

Diplomatic Policy/program

The Obama Administration Prepares its Peace Initiative with the Arab Side
21 April 2009 - 28 May 2009

Diplomatic

War on Gaza: Report of the UN Headquarters Board of Inquiry into Incidents Related to UN Premises
4 May 2009

Diplomatic Colonization

The Obama Administration Prepares its Peace Initiative with the Israeli Side: The Settlements Issue
18 May 2009 - 1 June 2009

Diplomatic Policy/program

Obama's Speech at Cairo University on the United States and the Muslim World
4 June 2009

Policy/program

Netanyahu's Speech at Bar-Ilan University on Peace and Security for Israel
14 June 2009

Policy/program Institutional

Fayyad's Speech at al-Quds University on Setting the Goal for Statehood in Two Years
22 June 2009

Diplomatic Colonization

US-Israel Disagreement Over the Settlements Freeze
26 June 2009 - 28 July 2009

Violence Sanctions

Hamas's Heavy-Handed Control of a Salafi Group in Gaza
22 July 2009 - 15 August 2009

Colonization

Israel's Demolition and Eviction Orders Increase in East Jerusalem
2 August 2009 - 9 November 2009

Legal

Israel Land Administration Law
3 August 2009

Popular action Policy/program

Fatah Sixth General Conference Is Held in Bethlehem
4 August 2009 - 8 August 2009

Popular action Institutional

Fatah Sixth General Conference Renews Its Governing Bodies
8 August 2009 - 11 August 2009

Diplomatic Colonization

US Resolve on Settlement Freeze Peters Out
19 August 2009 - 22 September 2009

Policy/program Institutional

Salam Fayyad's Government Issues “Ending the Occupation, Establishing the State” Plan
25 August 2009 - 24 September 2009

Institutional

Palestine National Council Special Meeting Is Held in Ramallah
26 August 2009 - 27 August 2009

Institutional Policy/program

Egypt's Efforts for Palestinian Reconciliation Fail Once More
9 September 2009 - 25 October 2009

Diplomatic

Goldstone Report on the War on Gaza
15 September 2009 - 25 September 2009

Violence

Cross-Border Violence, Gaza
20 September 2009 - 3 October 2009

Violence Popular action

Clashes in East Jerusalem over al-Aqsa Mosque
27 September 2009 - 25 October 2009

Diplomatic

The Goldstone Report and Palestinian Erratic Decision-Making
29 September 2009 - 16 October 2009

Diplomatic

Israel-Hamas Token Preliminary Prisoner Deal
2 October 2009 - 3 October 2009

Diplomatic Colonization

Clinton's Disturbing Misstep on Settlements
31 October 2009 - 3 November 2009

Diplomatic

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/64/10
5 November 2009

Institutional

Palestinian Legislative and Presidential Elections Postponed
12 November 2009

Colonization

Israel Approves a Major Settlement Plan in Gilo, East Jerusalem
17 November 2009

Colonization

Israel's Temporary and Partial Settlement Freeze
25 November 2009

Colonization

The Deceptive Settlement Freeze
26 November 2009 - 5 January 2010

Institutional Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Ramallah
15 December 2009 - 16 December 2009

Diplomatic

The US Tries to Launch Israeli-Palestinian Talks Through Letters of Guarantee
16 December 2009 - 4 January 2010

Violence

Meaningful Reduction in Rockets Fired from Gaza Since the End of the War Against Gaza
31 December 2009

Diplomatic Policy/program

The US Tries to Launch Israeli-Palestinian “Proximity” Talks
7 January 2010 - 8 February 2010

Institutional Socio-Economic

Establishment of Palestinian National Dignity Fund
12 January 2010 - 18 May 2010

Violence Biographical

Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhuh in Dubai
20 January 2010 - 31 January 2010

Institutional

Palestinian Municipal Elections Announced and Delayed
8 February 2010 - 12 February 2011

Colonization

Israel Declares Two West Bank Shrines as Part of Its National Heritage Sites
21 February 2010 - 25 February 2010

Diplomatic

The Arab League and the PLO Endorse Israeli-Palestinian Proximity Talks
3 March 2010 - 7 March 2010

Colonization

Israel's Ramat Shlomo Constructions' Plan During Joe Biden's Visit
8 March 2010 - 11 March 2010

Colonization Diplomatic

US Demands on Israel After the Ramat Shlomo Plan
9 March 2010 - 25 March 2010

Violence

Gaza Cross-Border Situation Deteriorates
11 March 2010 - 1 April 2010

Diplomatic Colonization

The US Shies Away from Its Strong Demands on Israel
19 March 2010 - 30 April 2010

Diplomatic

US Offers Ambiguous Assurances to the Palestinians
20 April 2010 - 21 April 2010

Diplomatic

With the Arab League Blessing, Israeli-Palestinian Proximity Talks Are Launched
22 April 2010 - 20 May 2010

Violence

The Mavi Marmara Incident
30 May 2010 - 5 June 2010

Diplomatic Popular action

International Reactions to the Mavi Marmara Incident
31 May 2010 - 3 June 2010

Diplomatic Violence

Statement of the President of the Security Council S/PRST/2010/9
1 June 2010

Diplomatic Policy/program

Egypt Announces a Restricted Opening of its Border with Gaza after the Mavi Marmara Incident
2 June 2010

Diplomatic

The United Nations Human Rights Council Establishes a Fact-Finding Mission on the Mavi Marmara Incident
2 June 2010 - 27 September 2010

Sanctions

Israel Announces Easing of Gaza Blockade
8 June 2010 - 5 July 2010

Institutional Legal

Israel Forms (Turkel) Commission to Examine the Mavi Marmara Incident
14 June 2010

Institutional Policy/program

36th Zionist Congress Meets in Jerusalem
15 June 2010 - 17 June 2010

Colonization Popular action

Israel Resumes Provocative Settlement Measures in East Jerusalem
21 June 2010 - 30 June 2010

Diplomatic

President Obama Meets Netanyahu and Pushes the Palestinians for Direct Talks with Israel
6 July 2010 - 23 August 2010

Colonization

Amid US Pressure for Direct Talks, Provocative Settlement Measures Continue
29 July 2010 - 15 August 2010

Diplomatic

The UN Secretary-General Establishes a Panel of Inquiry on the Mavi Marmara Incident (Palmer Commission)
2 August 2010

Diplomatic

Direct Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Formally Relaunched in Washington
1 September 2010 - 2 September 2010

Diplomatic

Direct Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Held in Sharm al-Shaykh and Jerusalem
14 September 2010 - 15 September 2010

Colonization Diplomatic

Israel's Temporary and Partial Settlement Freeze Is not Extended
20 September 2010 - 26 September 2010

Colonization

Escalation in Israel's Settlement Activity
26 September 2010 - 8 November 2010

Colonization

US Makes Incredible Offer to Israel in Exchange for a Two-Month Partial Settlement Freeze
29 September 2010 - 12 December 2010

Diplomatic Colonization

Abbas, Backed by the Arab League, Halts Palestinian-Israeli Direct Talks
30 September 2010 - 15 December 2010

Diplomatic

The PLO Considers Internationalization as an Alternative to Negotiations
16 October 2010

Diplomatic

The Palestinian State: Recognition and Upgrade Drive, Mostly in Latin and Central America and Europe
1 December 2010 - 19 January 2012

Contextual Popular action

Pro-Democracy Revolts and Demonstrations in Several Arab Countries
17 December 2010 - 11 February 2011

Institutional

Fatah Dispute with Muhammad Dahlan
28 December 2010 - 12 June 2011

Diplomatic Institutional

al-Jazeera Satellite TV and the Guardian Release the Palestine Papers
23 January 2011

Popular action Sanctions

Impact of the Democracy Drive in the Arab World on Palestinian Popular Politics
2 February 2011 - 15 March 2011

Institutional Policy/program

Impact of Democracy Drive in the Arab World on Palestinian Official Politics
14 February 2011 - 27 April 2011

Diplomatic Colonization

Draft Security Council Resolution S/2011/24
18 February 2011

Colonization

Israel Approves Settlement Expansion
2 March 2011 - 11 August 2011

Violence

Two Spates of Clashes Across Gaza Border
16 March 2011 - 10 April 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes the "Admissions Committees Law"
22 March 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes the "Nakba Law"
22 March 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes the Citizenship Law (Amendment No. 10) Conditioning Citizenship on Loyalty
28 March 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes Israel Lands Law (Amendment No. 3) on Foreign Ownership
29 March 2011

Institutional Policy/program

Abbas and Mishal Sign in Cairo a Text on Understandings Related to the 2009 National Conciliation Draft Agreement
4 May 2011 - 17 May 2011

Popular action

On Nakba Day, Palestinians Head Up Toward Cease-Fire Lines with Israel
15 May 2011 - 5 June 2011

Diplomatic

Abbas Confirms Palestinian UN Bid for Statehood
16 May 2011

Diplomatic Policy/program

US President Barack Obama Gives a Major Speech on the Middle East
19 May 2011 - 22 May 2011

Diplomatic Policy/program

Diplomatic Efforts to Avert Palestinian Statehood Bid at the UN
2 June 2011 - 11 July 2011

Institutional

Palestinian Reconciliation Accord Put on Hold
14 June 2011 - 7 August 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes the "Anti-Boycott Law"
11 July 2011

Legal

The Knesset Passes Israeli Prisons Law (Amendment No. 40) (Meetings with Lawyers)
3 August 2011

Diplomatic Legal

Report of the Panel of Inquiry on the Mavi Marmara Incident (Palmer Commission)
2 September 2011

Diplomatic Policy/program

Despite US, European, and Arab Pressure, Abbas Submits a Request for Full UN Membership
12 September 2011 - 23 September 2011

Diplomatic Legal

State of Palestine: Application for Admission to Membership in the United Nations
23 September 2011

Diplomatic Policy/program

The Quartet Proposes a Vague Timetable for the Resumption of Negotiations
23 September 2011 - 14 December 2011

Colonization

Israel Settlement Activity Taken up Again in Earnest
27 September 2011 - 1 November 2011

Diplomatic

Fate of the Palestinian UN Admission Request
28 September 2011 - 8 November 2011

Diplomatic Institutional

The State of Palestine Becomes Full Member of the UNESCO
5 October 2011 - 31 October 2011

Diplomatic

A Prisoner Swap Deal Between Hamas and Israel
11 October 2011

Sanctions Socio-Economic

After Palestine's UNESCO Admission, Israel Suspends Transfer of Taxes to the PA
1 November 2011 - 30 November 2011

Colonization Sanctions

Israeli Settlement Activity Continues, Including Through Expulsion
12 December 2011 - 28 December 2011

Popular action

Four Islamic Jihad Members, Administrative Detainees in Israeli Prisons, Go on Hunger Strike
17 December 2011 - 1 April 2012

Institutional Policy/program

Palestinian Reconciliation Meetings in Cairo
20 December 2011 - 22 December 2011

Diplomatic Policy/program

Israeli-Palestinian “Exploratory Talks” in Amman
3 January 2012 - 25 January 2012

Diplomatic

In Contrast with Islamic Jihad, Hamas Leadership Leaves Syria
17 January 2012 - 12 March 2012

Institutional Policy/program

Abbas and Mishal Sign the Doha Declaration and Then Agree on its Suspension
6 February 2012 - 23 February 2012

Violence

A Serious Round of Israeli-Palestinian Violence in Gaza
9 March 2012 - 13 March 2012

Diplomatic Policy/program

Sensing an Insurmountable Deadlock, Abbas Sends a Letter to Netanyahu
17 April 2012

Popular action

Palestinian Mass Hunger Strike in Israeli Prisons
17 April 2012 - 14 May 2012

Colonization Policy/program

Israeli Government "Legalizes" Three Jewish Settlement Outposts
22 April 2012 - 24 April 2012

Institutional Legal

Fayyad's Cabinet Reshuffle
16 May 2012

Institutional Policy/program

Fatah and Hamas Sign an Agreement on an Implementation Timetable in Cairo
20 May 2012

Colonization

Israel’s Settlement Activity
6 June 2012 - 13 August 2012

Violence

Another Spate of Israeli-Palestinian Violence in Gaza
17 June 2012 - 23 June 2012

Contextual Biographical

Muhammad Morsi, President of Egypt
30 June 2012

Institutional

Local Elections in the West Bank Are Announced
10 July 2012 - 5 August 2012

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Palestinian-Israeli Exchange of Letters for Cooperation on Taxes and Customs
31 July 2012

Diplomatic Policy/program

Abbas Announces Intent to Apply for Observer State Status in Speech at UN General Assembly
27 September 2012

Violence

Dangerous Surge of Israeli-Palestinian Violence in and across Gaza
7 October 2012 - 13 November 2012

Institutional

Local Elections in the West Bank
20 October 2012 - 22 December 2012

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Visit of Qatar’s Emir Shaykh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani to Gaza
23 October 2012

Contextual Biographical

Reelection of President Barack Obama
6 November 2012

Violence

Israel Launches an Assault on the Gaza Strip, Day 1
14 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 2
15 November 2012

Violence

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 3
16 November 2012

Popular action Violence

Palestinians in the West Bank Protest Israel's Assault on Gaza
16 November 2012 - 21 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 4
17 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 5
18 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 6
19 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 7
20 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza, Day 8
21 November 2012

Violence Diplomatic

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza: Cease-Fire Evening Announcement
21 November 2012

Violence

Israel's 2012 Assault on Gaza: A Balance Sheet
22 November 2012

Institutional Policy/program

Hamas and Fatah Exchange Reconciliation Gestures
22 November 2012 - 7 February 2013

Institutional Diplomatic

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/67/19
29 November 2012

Colonization

Surge in Settlement Expansion
30 November 2012 - 10 February 2013

Sanctions Socio-Economic

Israel Freezes Transfer of Tax Revenues to the Palestinian Authority
2 December 2012 - 25 March 2013

Policy/program Popular action

Hamas's Khalid Mishal Visits the Gaza Strip
8 December 2012

Popular action Sanctions

Symbolic Erection of Bab al-Shams and Bab al-Karama villages in the West Bank
11 January 2013 - 20 January 2013

Institutional Biographical

Early Elections in Israel Bring Back Netanyahu as Prime Minister
22 January 2013 - 18 March 2013

Popular action

Palestinians' Hunger Strikes in Israeli Prisons
19 February 2013 - 22 April 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

John Kerry Conducts Shuttle Diplomacy for Resumption of Negotiations
4 March 2013 - 8 May 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

US President Barack Obama Visits Israel and Bethlehem and Ramallah
20 March 2013 - 21 March 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Arab League Summit Calls for Palestinian Reconciliation under Egyptian-Qatari Sponsorship
26 March 2013 - 27 March 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Jordanian-Palestinian Agreement on Holy Sites in Jerusalem
31 March 2013

Institutional Biographical

Khalid Mishal Reelected Head of Hamas
1 April 2013 - 2 April 2013

Institutional Biographical

Prime Minister Salam Fayyad Resigns
13 April 2013

Institutional Policy/program

Toward Another Hamas-Fatah Agreement in Cairo
27 April 2013 - 14 May 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Arab League Delegation in Washington Discusses the Arab Peace Initiative
29 April 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Kerry's Shuttle Diplomacy for the Resumption of Talks Intensifies and Apparently Succeeds
23 May 2013 - 19 July 2013

Colonization

With or Without Negotiations, Israel Continues its Settlement Activities
30 May 2013 - 11 August 2013

Institutional Biographical

Rami Hamdallah Forms New Palestinian Government
2 June 2013 - 6 June 2013

Contextual Biographical

Mohamed Morsi, President of Egypt, Is Ousted by the Military
3 July 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Terms of Talk Resumption as Sponsored by Kerry
28 July 2013

Diplomatic

Launch of Palestinian-Israeli Direct Negotiations in Washington
29 July 2013 - 30 July 2013

Colonization Diplomatic

Israel Links the First-Stage Release of Palestinian Prisoners with Settlement Expansion
8 August 2013 - 25 August 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Israeli-Palestinian Direct Talks Take Place in Jerusalem
14 August 2013 - 2 September 2013

Diplomatic

Israeli-Palestinian Talks Accelerate for Nothing
25 September 2013 - 23 October 2013

Colonization Diplomatic

Israel Once Again Links the Second-Stage Release of Palestinian Prisoners with Settlement Expansion
29 October 2013 - 3 November 2013

Colonization Biographical

Israel's Settlement Expansion Disrupts the Palestinian Negotiation Team
31 October 2013 - 13 November 2013

Diplomatic Policy/program

Aim of Talks Is No Longer a Comprehensive Agreement but a Framework Agreement
14 November 2013 - 31 January 2014

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

Trilateral Agreement for a Red Sea - Dead Sea Link
9 December 2013

Diplomatic

Third Group of Prisoner Release as Part of Negotiation Resumption Deal
27 December 2013

Colonization Diplomatic

For the Third Time, Israel Links the Release of Palestinian Prisoners with Settlement Expansion
6 January 2014 - 22 January 2014

Popular action Colonization

Palestinians in the West Bank Protest Israeli Settlement Expansion
31 January 2014 - 7 February 2014

Popular action Violence

Tension Mounts Over Haram al-Sharif Following Israeli Provocations
4 February 2014 - 26 February 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Kerry Draws Up a Working Draft Framework for Negotiations
17 February 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Abbas Meeting with Kerry in Paris Ends in Total Failure
19 February 2014 - 21 February 2014

Institutional Legal

The Israeli Knesset Adopts a Basic Law on Referendum
12 March 2014

Violence

Heavy Fire Exchange Across the Gaza Strip
12 March 2014 - 13 March 2014

Colonization

Settlement Plans Continue and Weigh Heavily on Negotiations
13 March 2014 - 20 March 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Kerry Prepares Another Working Draft Framework for Negotiations
15 March 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Abbas's Meeting With Obama in Washington Tests US Credibility
16 March 2014

Diplomatic

Stakes Related to Whether Israel Will Release, as Agreed, the 4th Group of Palestinian Prisoners
17 March 2014 - 29 March 2014

Colonization

Settlement Announcement in the Midst of a Crisis Regarding the Negotiations
1 April 2014

Diplomatic Institutional

With the Nonrelease of Prisoners, the Palestinian Leadership Applies for Access to 19 International Conventions
1 April 2014

Diplomatic

Despite the Negotiation Crisis, Palestinian and Israeli Representatives Pursue Talks in Jerusalem
3 April 2014 - 22 April 2014

Policy/program

Abbas Sets Three Conditions for Extension of Negotiations
22 April 2014

Institutional Policy/program

A PLO-Hamas Agreement (the Shati' Agreement) to Form a Conciliation Cabinet
23 April 2014

Diplomatic

Israel Announces the Suspension of Negotiations with the Palestinians
24 April 2014

Institutional Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Ramallah
26 April 2014 - 27 April 2014

Colonization

Settlement Balance Sheet with Breakdown of the Kerry Negotiation Round
29 April 2014

Institutional

Formation of the Palestinian Unity Government
2 June 2014

Diplomatic Institutional

Israeli and International Reactions to Announcement of Palestinian Unity Government
2 June 2014 - 3 June 2014

Colonization

Israel Uses the Palestinian Cabinet Formation as a Pretext to Launch a New Wave of Settlement Plans
5 June 2014

Violence Sanctions

Tension Mounts with the Kidnapping of Three Israeli Settlers in the Hebron Region
12 June 2014 - 30 June 2014

Violence Sanctions

Tension and Hostilities Mount Across Gaza
14 June 2014 - 2 July 2014

Cultural

Battir Landscape Is Inscribed in the World Heritage List
20 June 2014

Violence Popular action

Muhammad Abu Khdeir, a 16-Year-Old Palestinian, Is Burnt Alive by Settlers in East Jerusalem
2 July 2014

Violence

Dangerous Escalation on the Gaza Front
3 July 2014 - 7 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War Is Launched
7 July 2014 - 21 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Day 1
8 July 2014

Popular action Violence

Palestinians in West Bank Mobilize in Support of Gaza
8 July 2014 - 22 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Day 2
9 July 2014

Violence Diplomatic

The 2014 Gaza War, Day 3
10 July 2014

Violence Diplomatic

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 4 and 5
11 July 2014 - 12 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 6−8
13 July 2014 - 15 July 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Egypt's Noncoordinated Cease-Fire Initiative Fails
14 July 2014 - 16 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 9 and 10
16 July 2014 - 17 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War: Israel Launches Ground Invasion (Phase II)
17 July 2014 - 31 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 11 and 12
18 July 2014 - 19 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 13-15: Dramatic Surge in the Fighting; Shuja'iyya Destruction
20 July 2014 - 22 July 2014

Diplomatic Biographical

UN Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/RES/S-21/1
23 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 16-20
23 July 2014 - 27 July 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 21-24
28 July 2014 - 31 July 2014

Violence Diplomatic

The 2014 Gaza War: The Intermittent Cease-Fires (Phase III)
31 July 2014 - 26 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Day 25: Breakdown of 72-Hour Cease-Fire Due to Activation of the Hannibal Directive
1 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 26-28: Fighting Continues
2 August 2014 - 4 August 2014

Diplomatic

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 29-31: A 72-Hour Cease-Fire
5 August 2014 - 7 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Days 32-42: Three Days of Fighting Followed by Eight Days of Truce
8 August 2014 - 18 August 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

The 2014 Gaza War: Cease-Fire Talks in Cairo
11 August 2014 - 18 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War, Day 43: Israel's Attempt to Assassinate Mohammad Dayf
19 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War: Days 44-50
20 August 2014 - 26 August 2014

Violence Diplomatic

The 2014 Gaza War: Toward an Open-Ended Cease-Fire
23 August 2014 - 26 August 2014

Violence

The 2014 Gaza War: A Balance Sheet
26 August 2014

Colonization

Renewal of Settlement Activity
31 August 2014 - 24 December 2014

Institutional

Failed Attempt at Empowering the Palestinian Unity Government in Gaza
7 September 2014 - 9 October 2014

Institutional Popular action

The Case of Hamas-Appointed Civil Servants in Gaza
11 September 2014 - 18 December 2014

Socio-Economic Diplomatic

Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism
16 September 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

No Effective Resumption of Gaza Postwar Talks in Cairo
23 September 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

The PLO Strives for a Security Council Resolution Specifying a Timetable for Ending the Occupation
26 September 2014 - 28 November 2014

Violence

Heightened Tension at Haram al-Sharif
30 September 2014 - 22 December 2014

Socio-Economic Diplomatic

International Donor Conference for Gaza Reconstruction
12 October 2014

Diplomatic

Steps, Mostly Parliamentary, Toward European Recognition of Palestinian State
13 October 2014 - 22 December 2015

Diplomatic Policy/program

French Efforts in Favor of a Draft UNSC Resolution on Palestinian-Israeli Peace
2 December 2014 - 17 December 2014

Institutional

Early Elections Announced in Israel
3 December 2014

Popular action Violence

Ziad Abu Ain Dies After Being Struck by Israeli Soldiers During a Peaceful Demonstration
10 December 2014 - 11 December 2014

Popular action Policy/program

Palestinian Leadership Debates End of Security Coordination with Israel
10 December 2014 - 14 December 2014

Diplomatic Legal

Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention
17 December 2014

Diplomatic Policy/program

Draft Security Council Resolution S/2014/916
30 December 2014

Institutional Legal

President Abbas Signs Acceptance of the ICC Jurisdiction and Accession to the ICC Rome Statute
31 December 2014 - 7 January 2015

Sanctions Socio-Economic

Israel Freezes Transfer of Tax Revenues to the Palestinian Authority
1 January 2015 - 21 April 2015

Institutional Legal

The Palestinian Unity Government Still Does not Administer Gaza
11 January 2015 - 19 April 2015

Popular action Violence

Israeli Police Acts Against Palestinians in the Negev
14 January 2015 - 27 January 2015

Diplomatic Policy/program

France and Arab League Consider Resuscitating Securty Council Initiative
15 January 2015 - 29 June 2015

Popular action Institutional

Arab Parties in Israel Form a Joint List For the Knesset Elections
22 January 2015

Colonization

Settlement Construction
30 January 2015

Legal

Hamas's Military Wing Outlawed in Egypt
31 January 2015 - 28 February 2015

Popular action

Palestinian Militants Build and Rebuild “Gate of Jerusalem” Tent Camp in Abu Dis
3 February 2015 - 27 March 2015

Popular action Socio-Economic

Palestinians in the West Bank Boycott Israeli Dairy and Processed Food Products
9 February 2015 - 2 March 2015

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

A "Reconstruction Hudna" in Gaza?
2 March 2015 - 14 April 2015

Institutional Policy/program

PLO Central Council Meeting Is Held in Ramallah
4 March 2015 - 5 March 2015

Popular action

Palestinian Car Ramming: A New Palestinian Weapon?
6 March 2015 - 14 May 2015

Institutional Legal

Israeli Elections: Likud's Victory and Strengthening of Arab Representation
17 March 2015 - 19 March 2015

Sanctions

Israel Detains Khalida Jarrar
2 April 2015 - 6 December 2015

Diplomatic Violence

The 2014 Gaza War: Report of the UN Headquarters Board of Inquiry into Incidents Affecting UNRWA Schools
27 April 2015

Diplomatic Biographical

Tony Blair Resigns as Quartet Representative; Quartet Office Redefined
27 May 2015 - 11 June 2015

Diplomatic

Reports About Indirect Israel-Hamas Talks on Long-Term Cease-Fire
16 June 2015 - 16 June 2015

Diplomatic

UNHRC Independent Commission of Inquiry on the 2014 Gaza Conflict
22 June 2015

Legal

Palestine Submits Files to ICC, and Israel Decides to Interact with It
25 June 2015 - 30 October 2015

Diplomatic

Comprehensive Agreement between the Holy See and the State of Palestine
26 June 2015 - 2 January 2016

Colonization Sanctions

Settlement Construction
23 July 2015 - 17 November 2015

Popular action

Clashes at Haram al-Sharif
26 July 2015

Violence Legal

Settlers Set Fire to Two Palestinian Family Homes in Duma, West Bank
31 July 2015 - 9 August 2015

Popular action Violence

Tension Escalates at Haram al-Sharif
2 August 2015 - 28 September 2015

Institutional Diplomatic

General Assembly Resolution A/RES/69/320
10 September 2015

Popular action Violence

With the Haram al-Sharif Tensions, Protests Spread to the Occupied Territories
13 September 2015 - 30 September 2015

Diplomatic Policy/program

Abbas Outlines Six Potential Legal Steps in Speech at the UNGA
30 September 2015

Violence

A Day of Escalation in the West Bank
1 October 2015

Popular action Violence

A Third Intifada or a Temporary Outburst?
2 October 2015 - 31 January 2016

Sanctions Violence

Israel's Policy Toward the Palestinian Outburst
4 October 2015 - 13 October 2015

Popular action

Palestinians in Israel Express their Concern and Solidarity with the Palestinian Outburst
5 October 2015 - 28 November 2015

Institutional Policy/program

37th Zionist Congress, Jerusalem
20 October 2015 - 22 October 2015

Diplomatic

Cameras at Haram al-Sharif?
22 October 2015 - 26 October 2015

Diplomatic Socio-Economic

EU Guidelines on Goods from the Occupied Territories
11 November 2015

Popular action Violence

Three-Month Balance Sheet of the Palestinian Outburst
31 December 2015